Nd  (tagged articles)

The keyword Nd is tagged in the following 360 articles.

2017, Vol. 9 No. 11
Regardless of which side of the Pacific iNdividuals reside on, the idea of the government taking property aNd uprooting citizens teNds to evoke a considerable amount of backlash. In examining the eminent domain practices of the United States aNd... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 11
Domestic violence in INdia poses an interesting paradox: in addition to being the most ubiquitous of basic human rights violations, it is also the least reported aNd discussed. The tightly patriarchal norms aNd structure of traditional INdian culture... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 11
“Disney perpetuated a male myth through his fairy-tale films,” argues Jack Zipes (1995, p. 37). He writes that Walt Disney framed “women’s lives through a male discourse” in his films (p. 36), aNd that he reinforced... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 10
Empirical psychology first emerged as a scientific discipline during the eighteenth century when it was launched into the academic realm by being taught in universities, appearing as chapters in philosophy manuals, aNd debuting as the topic of scientific... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 10
In the human experience, political ideology aNd propagaNda have played powerful roles in forging group identity. In the evolution of the human species, beliefs have been as powerful as facts aNd truths. Knowledge of this research aNd political reality... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 05
The character of Benjy Compson from William Faulkner’s 1929 novel The SouNd aNd the Fury is a mythic aNd Christ-like figure with the divine gift of prophecy rather than the retarded man-child that the other characters in the novel view him... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 13 No. 1
Published by Discussions
Consciousness is a thought-provoking phenomenon. In recent decades, though, the philosophy of miNd has revealed consciousness to be, in the words of Thomas Nagel, "what makes the miNdbody problem intractable" (Nagel, 1979). Though consciousness... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 03
Through increased iNdustry practices, laNd degradation, aNd burning of fossil fuels the anthropogenic sources of CO2 have increased creating global concern due to the adverse impacts of climate change. Carbon dioxide capture aNd storage (CCS) technologies... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 02
The Peruvian Communist Party (PCP) was fouNded as the Peruvian Socialist Party in 1928 by José Carlos Mariátegui after his analysis of the “semifeudal” Peruvian economic state, which did not strictly follow Marx’s... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 02
The International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia aNd International Criminal Tribunals for RwaNda, for the first time in international law, recognized sexual violence in conflict as crimes against humanity aNd grave breaches of international... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 02
Liz Lemon, frazzled executive producer of a struggling sketch comedy show aNd main character of the NBC comedy 30 Rock is trying to convince her boss, Jack Donaghy, that it makes sense to seNd the show’s staff to Miami for a week. This is... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 01
The literature of the 18th century includes parodies, satires, aNd denunciations; however, the role of sentimentality usually comes secoNd when discussing the literary movements of the century. The author of The Life aNd Opinions of Tristram ShaNdy... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 01
Kosovar university students have strong opinions on the current situation aNd future of their nation. Their opinions regarding negotiations between the Serbian aNd Kosovar governments are vital, particularly because soon they will be the ones to... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 7 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
IrelaNd aNd Palestine share histories of colonialism, ethnonationalist conflict, aNd resistance characterized as "terrorism." While IrelaNd has reached an official status of "peace," the de-legitimization of its struggle for iNdepeNdence perpetuates... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 7 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
Foreign policymakers, academics, aNd regional puNdits have all acknowledged the importance of the South China Sea. This region, rich in resources aNd trade, is the subject of intense territorial contest aNd is perpetually at risk for escalation... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 12
The sheer number of distinct dialects present within the country has long complicated Chinese language staNdardization aNd language policy. Furthermore, China’s history with colonial powers throughout the past three centuries has led to a... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 12
President Richard Nixon signed the Marine Protection, Research, aNd Sanctuaries Act (MPRSA) in 1972 to both promote research in uNderwater ecosystems as well as nominate national marine protected areas (MPAs) as ‘National Marine Sanctuaries... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 12
Ever since its elimination from the list of mental illnesses in 2001, aNd decriminalization in 1997, homosexuality in China continues to be at the forefront of China’s growing human rights debate. The estimated 40 million lesbian, gay, bisexual... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 10 No. 1
"One thing governments have got is legislation. Legislation has an impact. It affects millions of people in a country just by a stroke of a pen."  &Ndash; Executive Director of UN Women, Dr. Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, "GeNder aNd Violence... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 10 No. 1
Labor markets have traditionally been regarded as the product of a demaNd aNd supply of labor.2 In Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional FouNdations of Comparative Advantage, political economists Peter A. Hall aNd David Soskice put forth two... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 11
This article provides a historical perspective on the bystaNder effect, a social phenomenon that Darley aNd Latané first studied experimentally in 1968. Critical events that took place prior to the study of the bystaNder effect are discussed... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 11
Robert Louis Stevenson typifies an anxiety shared by many prolific Victorian writers: that God will disappear as human psychology is readily researched aNd uNderstood. Such a concern is evident in Stevenson’s personal experiences aNd writings... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 11
The so-called Islamic State of Iraq aNd Syria (ISIS) &Ndash; also known as ISIL, IS aNd Daesh &Ndash; has during the last years disseminated videos throughout the Internet in a new recruitment aNd media strategy focusing on the destruction of cultural... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 11
A meta-analytic review was coNducted on the adverse outcomes aNd prevalence of sexual harassment in a federally operated workplace. Both males aNd females were included in the analysis which fills a gap in prior research. Researchers report a total... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 6 No. 1
For the past four decades, pastoralist activities have been pushed to marginal areas in several regions of Ethiopia. This change was initiated by the Agrarian LaNd Reform Proclamation of 1974. Pastoralist activities prior to the agrarian reforms... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 6 No. 1
In today's globalized world, international cooperation aNd information sharing becomes increasingly important. This paper examines the criteria provided in the United State's ENdangered Species Act, the European Union's Habitat Directive, aNd the... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 10
Pride aNd Prejudice, the work of nineteenth century novelist Jane Austen, has been celebrated for over two-huNdred years since its first publication. It has been adapted, reinvented aNd re-imagined over aNd over again to the delight of both loyal... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 10
This article contributes to the debate as to whether Cloud Nine by Caryl Churchill aNd M. Butterfly by David Henry Hwang are ultimately essentialist or anti-essentialist, accentuating or disavowing difference. It argues that both plays are successfully... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 10
In the United Arab Emirates (UAE) aNd the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states in general, women played an important economic role in the pre-oil era (before the 1960s) in addition to their “traditional” domestic role. Fatima Al-Sayegh... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 10
China aNd the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) that leads it has historically limited itself in regards to projecting power aNd inserting itself into international disputes aNd affairs. With the exception of its involvement in the Korean War, most... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 09
Something seems different about 2016. Something many of us just can’t place our fingers on. Sure, The Donald looms disconcertingly over us, a threatening testament to American fear, but it’s not like he has transformed the political... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 09
The Victorian Age was a time of rapid economic, social, aNd cultural change throughout EnglaNd. Beginning in the late 1700s aNd early 1800s, iNdustry began to take shape in Britain, launching EnglaNd into an era characterized by “momentous... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 09
The right to privacy dates back farther than 1890, when Supreme Court Justice Louis BraNdeis penned The Right to Privacy: “In the very early times, the law gave remedy only for physical interference with life aNd property, for trespasses vi... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 09
A doorbell rings. Off screen, we hear a sing-songy “Coming!” A woman dressed in a cerulean track suit rushes to the door, expecting to fiNd her daughter home from school. Instead, she fiNds another woman, bloNde aNd leather jacket-clad... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 09
This paper is an attempt to navigate through existing theories of universalisation of human rights aNd existing justifications thereof. It is premised on several cultural aNd political notions that it takes as starting points, not as truisms, but... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 2015/2016 No. 3
In 1993, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin dismissed the possibility of negotiating with leaders of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), claiming that there is no sense in talking to a terrorist organization. Meanwhile, as it later became... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 06
By aNd large, today’s Western audience is unlikely to be roused by the story told in The Danish Girl (2015, directed by Tom Hooper), although it is based on true events. The artist Einar Wegener is in geNder trouble:[1] he was born in a male... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 7 No. 1
With products available in more than 180 countries, Procter & Gamble is one of the largest global advertisers. Considering today's global marketplace, it has become increasingly necessary for multinational companies like Procter & Gamble... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 7 No. 1
In 2014, Greenpeace launched an attack on a 50-year braNd partnership between Danish toy company LEGO aNd Royal Dutch Shell, an oil aNd gas corporation. Through the analysis of Greenpeace's campaign aNd LEGO's responses over a three-month period... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 12 No. 2
Published by Discussions
In this ethnographic case study, field observations were coNducted of an all-female obstetrics aNd gynecology (OB/GYN) clinic located in Livonia, Michigan. While interacting with professionals as a student volunteer at the clinic, I took the role... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 12 No. 2
Published by Discussions
Chipotle Mexican Grill has revolutionized the fast food iNdustry. In a short time, the braNd has served as inspiration for the growing "fast casual" segment of the food iNdustry aNd has become an American cultural phenomenon. Through its use of... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 7 No. 1
Since its development, YouTube, the world's third most popular online destination, has transformed from a video-sharing site into a job opportunity for content creators in both new aNd mainstream media. Based on content analysis, the study examined... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 12 No. 2
Published by Discussions
Comic books, a form of American popular culture, offer a wiNdow into the past, allowing researchers to track societal changes over several decades. The purpose of this study was to determine if, how, aNd how much female geNder roles have changed... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 11 No. 2
Since the fouNding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the Chinese Communist Party has used publicly displayed propagaNda art as a means of maintaining power. During the early years of the PRC, propagaNda posters played a large role in establishing... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 3 No. 1
It is generally accepted among researchers that incidence of crime is on average higher arouNd vacant aNd abaNdoned properties because they can serve as safe havens for criminal activity. However, there has been little research investigating the... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 2 No. 1
This paper seeks to address one of the most common critiques of Asian firms doing business in Africa: that low levels of corporate governance aNd poor managerial practices have uNdermined anti-corruption efforts throughout the continent. The paper... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 04
The transition to adulthood in the lives of non-heterosexual youth may offer rich information regarding the criteria youth utilize to measure their achievement of adult status. Yet LGBQ youth experiences aNd the transition to adulthood have not... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 03
Ab'ul Hasan YamÄ«n ud-DÄ«n Khusrau (1253-1325) is one of the most celebrated poets of medieval INdia, writing both in Persian, the courtly language of Muslims of the Sultanate period, aNd HiNdavÄ«, the vernacular language of the Delhi area... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 02
With the fall of the Tokugawa Shogunate in the late 1860s, there emerged (or re-emerged) a new center for power in Japan—the Emperor Meiji. With a long drawn restoration of the imperial stronghold, a complete restructuring of the economy,... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 2
Instagram, a social media app, is becoming increasingly popular as a business aNd communication tool. Analyzing 12 posts on Dunkin' Donuts' Instagram account, this case study attempted to uNderstaNd braNding through framing theory. The study fouNd... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 02
At 7am in the morning after the RefereNdum on Scottish INdepeNdence, a triumphant David Cameron stood on the steps of number 10 Downing Street aNd announced to the world that the Scottish people had, with 55% of the electorate voting No, comprehensively... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 02
A companion article (Has New ZealaNd Identified the Causes of Crime?) explored the development of five factors described as "the uNderlying causes of offeNding aNd victimisation" in the context of meeting crime rate reduction targets aNd transforming... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 02
This article explores the genesis aNd development of The 5 Drivers of Crime (described as "the uNderlying causes of offeNding aNd victimisation") aNd examines its impact in the context of policy effectiveness aNd outcomes. The ‘drivers of... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 2016 No. 1
This paper explores the differing effects that conventional aNd organic agriculture have on soil ecosystems. The fiNdings are primarily based on a review of published literature fouNd in journal articles aNd government reports. Conventional agriculture... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 01
Jalaluddin Mohammad Akbar is placed among the elite few in history; he is amongst the “Great”[1]. Popularly known for his liberal policies aNd just administration, he is remembered widely as an ideal ruler. It is almost dangerous, thus... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 01
There is a longstaNding territorial dispute raging in the South China Sea between China, the Philippines, Malaysia, Taiwan, Brunei, aNd Vietnam over several groups of islaNds called the Spratlys aNd Parcels. While most of the players involved are... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 5 No. 1
The number of species becoming extinct has drawn a significant deal of attention from scientists aNd non-scientists alike. This research reviews recent literature citing evidence for the impact humans have had on our planet aNd how our biological... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 5 No. 1
Overcoming the threats of the snow leopard with immediate action may be what will save this species from extinction. This report provides a brief overview both of the challenges faced by the snow leopard aNd the roles local people have taken in... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 01
The most commonly cited statistic for the geNder wage gap in the United States is that women earn seventy-eight cents to every dollar men earn. A great deal of contention however, surrouNds the interpretation of this measure as well as others seeking... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 9 No. 1
FouNded in 1967, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is one of the most prominent intergovernmental organizations in Asia. ASEAN's main achievement has been to unite ten countries in Southeast Asia through shared goals of regional... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 9 No. 1
Starting with a high profile push through the region in 2011, the Obama Administration has made the "Pivot to Asia" a central part of American foreign policy. Enlisting regional partners who share strategic interests will be critical to ensuring... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
The Troubles, a period of conflict between mostly Protestant Unionists aNd mostly Catholic Nationalists in Northern IrelaNd, eNded in 1998 with the signing of the Good Friday or Belfast Agreement. The division of society, however, continues in its... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 12
The terrestrial Mojave ShoulderbaNd Snail (Helminthoglypta (Coyote) greggi) is being considered for status aNd protection as an eNdangered species uNder the ENdangered Species Act due to the recent construction of a mining operation in an area that... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 2
Filmmaker Wes ANderson has developed a distinct aesthetic style that is easily recognizable through his use of striking color palettes. The purpose of this research was to draw conclusions about social stratification, social construction aNd the... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 2
ScaNdal, the first network drama in decades to star an African-American woman, reaches millions of viewers on a weekly basis. This study examined if main character Olivia Pope is a reflection of popular AfricanAmerican female stereotypes in television... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 2
Recent advancements in digital media have had drastic effects on magazines across the country. This research paper addressed those results by examining the digital aNd social media practices of four city magazines based in the American Southeast... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 10
This research paper thoroughly explains the concept of money lauNdering aNd examines the costs that are eNdured by the governments, financial institutions, but most importantly iNdividuals who are most vulnerable to the influence of organized criminal... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 2015/2016 No. 1
Politics has been given many different definitions, ranging from something as solid as “the activities associated with the governance of a country,” to a more abstract designation such as “the principles relating to or inherent... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 2015/2016 No. 1
In 1999, The New York Times Magazine ran a cover story which asked: Does “being a good soldier [depeNd] on being an aggressive male?” “Is there something uniquely male about the warrior? Can the warrior survive the feminisation... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 2015/2016 No. 1
Statistics show that it is reasonable to argue that an increasing number of people worldwide are convinced of the importance of geNder equality, in other words the idea that women aNd men should have equal rights aNd receive the same respect in... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 10
On the first day of 2010, I got a phone call from the Georgian Public Broadcaster (GPB), the official organizers of Eurovision Song Contest’s Georgian chapter. The Eurovision Song Contest (ESC) is an annual event that attracts some 800 million... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 09
Dr. Timothy Quill made headlines in the fields of patient rights aNd euthanasia when he published “Death aNd Dignity” in the New EnglaNd Journal of Medicine (1991). In the articlce, Quill described his long-term patient, Diane, who had... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 09
Since the financial crisis of 2007, regulators have recognized the necessity for global governance in an increasingly interconnected global economy. Many have praised the extent to which regulators have already minimized the damage of the crisis... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 09
This study is an analysis of the religious aspects of the epic Sutasoma. Written in the 14th century CE during the height of the Majapahit Empire of East Java, this kakawin has raised several questions about its religious orientation, messages,... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 09
Many U.S. coastal resort areas with high amenity values have experienced a high influx of both residents (full-time aNd part-time) aNd vacationers over the last two decades. This is the case for the Outer Banks of North Carolina, a narrow barrier... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 5 No. 1
Environmental communication is now an emerging aNd a significant curriculum from schools to research centers. The effective aNd efficient environmental communication occurs when learners interact with their surrouNding environment/ecology in which... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 08
Since INdepeNdence, the INdian government has struggled to achieve political modernity within acceptable religious bouNdaries. Religious diversity in INdia necessitates governmental sensitivity toward sometimes opposing principles, aNd yet, when... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 08
“Not all silences are equal,” writes Michel-Rolph Trouillot (1997, p.27). Not everyone, I add, possesses the power to silence a person or a group of people. In this research paper, I use geNder as an analytical tool to examine the way... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 06
Teresa of Avila has long been respected as one of the most significant theologians to emerge from Spanish Catholicism. Her determined leadership inspired the fouNding of many convents throughout her homelaNd aNd ignited a reform within the Carmelite... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 5 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
As a predominantly rural aNd densely populated developing nation, INdia is positioned at the vanguard of the global debate surrouNding GMOs. As concerns related to food security mount, what transpires in INdia is of great importance. Citizens' collective... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 5 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
The production, distribution, aNd consumption of music are highly international transactions. In the past, what made them so was the proliferation of American music throughout the rest of the world. Recently, however, things have begun working in... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 1
This study explored how news organizations presented the Ferguson, Missouri, story in comparison with a similar Rodney King incident that happened two decades ago. The purpose of this study was to analyze if aNd how the mainstream news media have... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 5 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
Organized crime aNd terrorist organizations cannot be battled by force alone; anti-money lauNdering (AML) techniques have become key tools to trace these iNdividuals through their finances. Every country has an interest in implementing internationally... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 1
Instagram is a growing social media platform that provides a means of self-expression aNd communication through creative visuals. Businesses are respoNding to this treNd by using it as a cost-effective marketing tool. This paper examined the accounts... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 1
As the world becomes more technologically advanced, the demaNd for two-way communication between braNd aNd consumer has become stronger. This study tried to develop a relationship between the rise in new media aNd luxury braNds by content analyzing... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 1
This study content analyzed six braNds from Unilever aNd Procter & Gamble, whose advertisements promoted both male-targeted products aNd female-targeted ones. The study examined three female-empowering advertisements aNd three male-targeted,... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 1
This research paper addressed how technology has changed cultural relationships consumers have with music. The music iNdustry’s business model has uNdergone substantial change over the last decade, aNd uNderstaNding artists’ cultural... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 1
To be at the forefront of innovations that push braNds forward, marketers aNd advertisers strive to create seamless experiences amidst the ever-changing laNdscape of digital aNd mobile technologies. This research delves into the forward-thinking... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 05
Between the publication of Wycliffe’s Bible in 1382 aNd the Council of Constance in 1415, a thirty-year period in which there was no shortage of ecclesiastical aNd secular coNdemnations of Wycliffe’s writings, AruNdel’s Constitutions... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 05
The spatial role of weird fiction seems to be one of dislocation, disorientation, aNd destabilization in what Ann aNd Jeff VaNderMeer call weird fiction’s ability to “entertain while also expressing our own dissatisfaction with, aNd... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 11 No. 2
Published by Discussions
The level of geNder violence against native women in the United States has reached epidemic proportions. Furthermore, the vast majority of Native American geNder violence victims are abused at the haNds of non-native men. Native American tribes... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 04
The simplistic history of modern journalism commonly disseminated in western classrooms describes literary journalism aNd its manifestations arouNd the world as traceable back to a single Anglo-American tradition — specifically, the American... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 04
Public rangelaNds are typically managed by a multiple-use policy that seeks to balance economic, conservation, aNd recreation objectives. The often semi-arid aNd arid public rangelaNds of the American west are both historically aNd contemporarily... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 04
The assertion that unconstrained power brings with it inevitable corruption has occupied theorists since the first considerations of authority. That the nature of man in unconstrained assemblage will lead to a “tyrannical abuse of power&rdquo... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 03
When politicians attempt to communicate their views in the public forum, the practice can be seen as a perquisite of the democratic process. This can prove to be an ideal environment for public relations, as the iNdustry can identify aNd clarify... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 03
Through the late 1960s the French New Wave became a pronounced aNd significant factor in the creation aNd development of Hollywood films. Such movements had gained popularity through an ability to engage with a younger audience by means of a more... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 03
Since the inception of the American crime fighting force, law enforcement has struggled to prevent discrimination against minority populations. While “racial profiling” (also known as “racially biased policing”)[1] has been... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 01
The majority of oil extracted from the Alberta oil saNds is processed, diluted, aNd then sold to the US. The implications that arise from the oil saNds production are a litany of health, environmental, aNd economic concerns. Despite all the implications... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 2014 No. 1
On May 18th, 2000, the United States enacted the African Growth aNd Opportunity Act (AGOA), dramatically expaNding trade between itself aNd Sub-Saharan Africa over the following decade. Yet whereas previous studies in the literature have often sought... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 12
“I didn't get sent here to be elected Prom King.” Chris Christie peppered this signature mantra in many of his 2009 stump speeches, emphasizing that principle, not popularity, would help him lead New Jersey. These kiNds of sweeping,... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 5 No. 2
This study examined the extent to which iNdividuals used their self-concepts to determine braNd preference. It was predicted that iNdividuals would prefer braNds with images congruent with their own self-image more than braNds’ images inconsistent... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 5 No. 2
BraNd loyalty develops as an intermixing of self-image aNd braNd image, aNd anthropomorphized braNds succeed when their ideal traits are utilized as braNd personality components. To test the relationship between anthropomorphism aNd ideal traits... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 11
Rural populations in sub-Saharan Africa often suffer from a lack of access to transportation. This study analyzes the impact of a motorbike taxi service called Boda Boda in two villages in southern UgaNda, aNd specifically queries how access to... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 11
In today’s society, the categorization of geNder in our educational system is leading to a socialization of masculinity aNd femininity, which is reaffirmed by geNder-biased curriculum, testing, aNd activities. By attempting to define geNder... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 8 No. 1
President Grimsson studied economics aNd political science at the University of Manchester, aNd in 1970, became the first person in IcelaNd to earn a PhD in political science. In 1973, he became a Professor of Political Science at the University... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 10
In her seminal essay "Visual Pleasure aNd Narrative Cinema" Laura Mulvey (1975) connects psychoanalytic concepts of scopophilic desire1 aNd Jaques Lacan's theory of the Mirror Stage2 (1966), to the cinema spectator's gaze. Mulvey limits her argument... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 10
For scholars of geNder aNd sexuality, the publication of Joan Wallach Scott’s acclaimed essay “GeNder: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis” in the 1970s was a remarkable moment. The essay, although specifically directed toward... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 08
To assert that Kashmir has been at a perennial crossroads is a gross uNderstatement. For the good part of sixty years, INdian, Pakistani, aNd Kashmiri interests have been tussling over the disputed region. For the most part, though, the South Asian... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 10 No. 3
Published by Discussions
A genetically modified (GM) crop is defined as a recombinant-deoxyribonucleic acid plant, in which genetic material has been changed through in vitro nucleic acid techniques (Food aNd Agriculture Organization of the United States, 2014). Food aNd... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 06
The major purpose of this review article is to explore the influence of hydrogen peroxide on cell signaling aNd gene expression patterns in plants, within the context of defense responses to a variety of biotic stressors, abiotic stressors, aNd... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 06
UNAIDS reports the antenatal HIV prevalence rate—the prevalence of HIV in unborn children—to be approximately 38% in SwazilaNd, Africa (UNAIDS 2012), the highest rate in the world (Root 2010). Diagnosed through an HIV antibody test or... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 4 No. 2
Published by Clocks and Clouds
Women make up anywhere from 0% to 56% of the national legislatures arouNd the world. Research has attributed this wide spectrum to political, socioeconomic, aNd cultural or ideological factors. After testing these existing theories on a sample of... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 5 No. 1
The fact that braNds have unique identities aNd personalities is well known aNd researched. However, the extent to which a braNd’s personality or identity manifest itself in advertising is less known. This study examined how braNd identities... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 5 No. 1
This study explored the effects of the late-night sketch comedy Saturday Night Live in the political sphere, specifically analyzing its impact using ageNda-setting theory. As primarily secoNdary research, this study reviewed previous studies suggesting... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 05
A baby is born, aNd almost instantaneously, assigned to a life of stereotypical geNder identity. The female is described as a “precious baby girl” aNd is given a little pink hat aNd wrapped in a pink blanket. The male is a “strong... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 04
The copious amounts of forgotten aNd disregarded food that are tossed miNdlessly into our laNdfills are a global travesty of massive proportions. Americans alone waste enough food in a day to transform the Rose Bowl, a football stadium capable of... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 7 No. 2
Freeman writes that global governance in this period has been characterized by the United States’ inability to form a ‘graNd strategy’ as it did in the post-WWII period to cope with the multitude of issues in the world today (2011... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 1 No. 1
The raNdomized introduction of microfinance to neighborhoods surrouNding Hyderabad, INdia provides an opportunity to analyze the relationship between health aNd an iNdividual's decision to borrow. Employing the Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 1 No. 1
This paper examines how the different forms of crime, violent aNd non-violent, affect the academic achievement of students scoring in the bottom 15% of staNdardized tests. Though fuNding for violent crime prevention may be justified based on the... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 1 No. 1
This article details the relationship between asset prices aNd monetary policy with a specific focus on the mergers aNd acquisitions market. The existing literature has studied extensively the link between monetary policy aNd stock prices aNd housing... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 1 No. 1
A European single market for electricity is modeled to fiNd the optimal portfolio of energy generation technologies in the presence of a carbon tax. The goal is to fiNd the Pareto optimal carbon tax rate such that both carbon emissions aNd production... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 04
Contrary to the scintillating promise of its title, Spenser’s Faerie Queene is a far cry from the insubstantial delights of light fantasy fiction. A narrative poem in six books, this hefty labyrinthine work chronicles the quests of the patron... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 04
Prior to 1970, women were severely uNderrepresented in high school aNd college math, science, aNd business courses, aNd were almost invisible in high school technical courses.[1] Even professional schools barred access to women for all programs... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 03
The creation of western-style government institutions has been unsuccessful in Somalia. This is a direct result of colonial administrations not laying the proper fouNdation for western government institutions to achieve legitimacy in a culture of... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 03
Are memes mere distractions from our normal office boredom? Funny, stupid, or poignant, this most simple digital medium captures our attention in particularly unique ways. But how aNd why did this form of cultural transmission become so popular,... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 03
The need for iNdividuals to categorize themselves aNd others based on geNder has guided the way iNdividuals interact with one another throughout history. The construction of geNder, particularly when it comes to young males, has led to the amplification... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 3 No. 1
Regardless of the fact that we have long been warned of the negative impact of iNdustrial farming, rural communities are being wiped out as local producers, like RiverbeNd Gardens, are put at risk in favour of urban expansion. The iNdustrial food... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 3 No. 1
The air travel iNdustry is changing. The needs of the environment are being considered aNd research into ways of improving the iNdustry is being explored. This paper explores the current climate in the commercial airline iNdustry, paying special... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 2013/2014 No. 1
The concept of food security is dynamic; it has been changing to incorporate new ideas over the years since it was established. In this piece, I will argue that if cultural acceptability is to be added as a tenant of food security then so must sustainability... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 10 No. 1
Published by Discussions
In order to determine the current state of the iNdustrial food system, both a quantitative survey aNd a qualitative interview were coNducted aNd administered to various food corporations in the United States. These surveys assessed the corporations... Read Article »
2007, Vol. 2 No. 1
Published by Discussions
Graphite is an important material in a number of specialized iNdustrial applications due to its high thermal coNductivity aNd resistance to thermal shock. Common applications include use as an electrode in electro discharge machining aNd as a mold... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 12
Internships supply uNdergraduates with work experience, networking potential, aNd opportunities to apply classroom content to career-oriented professions (D’Abate et al., 2009). Participation in an effective internship program benefits the... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 3 No. 2
The sex trafficking iNdustry poses a clear aNd present threat in society, but the American public seems to be unaware of the gravity of the issue within the U.S. Analyzing the ageNda setting theory by focusing on stories on the New York Times aNd... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 3 No. 2
Tiger Woods saw his reputation crumble as reports of infidelity leaked to the press in November of 2009. This research evaluated the crisis management strategies of Woods aNd his crisis management staff, as well as social media's role aNd reaction... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 3 No. 2
This study sought to apply a Crisis Communications lens to the area of American political sex scaNdals. Applying William Benoit's "Theory of Image Restoration" to 24 American sex scaNdals, ranging from 1987 to 2011 aNd all of which received significant... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 3 No. 2
As childhood obesity rates in the United States continue to rise, health professionals aNd pro-health advocates are looking to utilize interactive media tactics for childhood obesity prevention. This study analyzed the viewpoints of interactive... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 3 No. 2
Facebook fan pages allow a braNd to create an online community of braNd users through the social networking site. By pressing Facebook's "like" button, a Facebook user can become a fan of the page aNd can interact with the braNd aNd other consumers... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 4 No. 2
The purpose of this study was to determine whether Generation Y women respoNd more to athletic ads that embodied a secoNd-wave feminist ideology or a third-wave, post-structuralist ideology. A focus group was coNducted aNd its fiNdings revealed... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 4 No. 2
This study sought to explore the college athletic laNdscape through a Crisis Communications perspective. Using William Benoit’s “Theory of Image Restoration” as a framework, this study employed a case-study approach to analyze... Read Article »
2008, Vol. 4 No. 1
Published by Discussions
Gavialis gangeticus, the INdian gharial, is the only extant gharial species in the world. The gharial is a large crocodilian in the family Gavialidae aNd is characterized by a long snout. Due to its sparse numbers aNd increased habitat destruction... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 5 No. 2
Published by Discussions
CaNdida albicans (CA) is a dimorphic fungus that commonly colonizes the oral cavity. Overgrowth can result in an infection of the oral cavity, known as oral caNdidiasis (OPC). Neutrophils play a major role in nonspecific immune defense against fungal... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 8 No. 2
Published by Discussions
The current study discusses social support systems aNd the ways in which they impact persons diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study analyzes three different variables (race/ethnicity, geNder, aNd trauma type) in a group... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 8 No. 2
Published by Discussions
Perfectionism is an iNdividual’s wish for the highest performance combined with critical evaluations of performance (Frost, Marten, Lahart, & Rosenblate, 1990). High levels of perfectionism are correlated with various disorders, including... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 9 No. 2
Published by Discussions
According to recent statistics published by the United States Centers for Disease Control aNd Prevention in 2011, Hispanics in the United States teNd to outlive non-Hispanic whites by almost three years. Specifically, the life expectancy at birth... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 9 No. 2
Published by Discussions
Throughout the American education system, the assessment of writing skill aNd general academic performance through timed essay examinations has become increasingly pervasive, contributing to the determination of grades aNd course placements aNd... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 9 No. 2
Published by Discussions
One may conteNd that attaining unadulterated awareness of one’s existence is, in present society, idealistic. Specifically, such achievement is unlikely if, in the midst of oppressive forces, one rests in a state of what sociologists Karl... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 4 No. 1
This study, coNducted during a two-week period leading up to the 2012 Presidential Election, analyzed three prime time news broadcasts to determine whether male journalists reported more hard news stories than female journalists throughout a segment... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 4 No. 1
In today’s election atmosphere, Americans are inuNdated with campaign advertisements during the election cycle. Much research has been done on campaign advertisements, but not much about ad watches. Ad watches are critiques or commentary of... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 4 No. 1
With social media recently evolving as a platform for social, informational, aNd political exchanges, it comes as no surprise that in the last few years several politicians have integrated Twitter into their campaigns. The goal of this study was... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 7 No. 1
The nations of Nigeria aNd INdia both have exceptionally diverse populations, eNdured the deliberate divide-aNd-rule strategies executed by British colonizers who sought thereby to exacerbate existing differences, aNd experienced peaceful transfers... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 11
Observations from the media aNd from public discourse on Islamist radicalization reveal that terms such as 'Islamist extremism,' 'terrorism,' aNd 'Islamism' are often used without a clear or common definition. The same can be said for the use of... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 10
The SecoNd Boer War (1899‑1902) was costly for Great Britain aNd the semi‑iNdepeNdent South African Republic (Transvaal). It strained political relations between the British aNd the Boers, who did not gain iNdepeNdence from the United... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 10
James Joyce's Ulysses is first aNd foremost a political novel, a "real Irish nationalist epic in its most . . . politically figurative form" (Bowen vii). Joyce himself stated that Ulysses "is the epic of two races," Israel aNd IrelaNd ("To Carlo... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 10
Large-scale rural to urban migrations have been occurring in INdia in record numbers within the last thirty years, inflating the populations of urban centers, such as Delhi aNd Mumbai. Within these streams of migrations, the number of youth leaving... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 3 No. 2
Women’s advancement in the corporate workplace has taken significant strides over the last century. Research demonstrates, however, that despite an increased presence of female employees in mid-management positions, executive positions continue... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 09
This study investigates the behavior of the labor supply of Canadian women at different composite hourly wages of all paid jobs in 2009. Since it is widely demonstrated in the literature that variables such as age aNd levels of education, as well... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 09
In May 2012, Shakil Afridi received a sentence of thirty-three years “rigorous imprisonment” aNd a large fine for aiding foreign intelligence gatherers in their quest for Osama bin Laden. The Pakistani state did not charge Afridi &Ndash... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 09
The present study investigates the effect of a compliment on self-perceived attractiveness aNd then compares this effect between geNders. Participants (48 university students, consisting of 24 females aNd 24 males with a mean age of 20.25 [SD =... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 08
The Sopranos (1999-2007) opens with its lead character, Tony Soprano (James GaNdolfini), unenthusiastically meeting his therapist, Dr. Jennifer Melfi (Lorrain Bracco) for the first time. He is reluctant to trust a female analyst; nevertheless, he... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 08
After World War II, the United States military gradually came into a position of overwhelming dominance in the world. Military speNding in the United States far outpaces that of other countries, with their world share of military expeNditures at... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 08
There is ample evidence of sexual relations, from rapes to what appear to be relatively symbiotic romantic partnerships, between white slave masters aNd black women in the Antebellum South. Much rarer were sexual relations between white women aNd... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 08
One area in which the division among Irish citizens remains apparent is in the realm of social housing. Housing represents the largest expense as well as the largest investment for most households: home ownership strongly continues to symbolize... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 08
Patience, the third poem in Cotton Nero A.x., tells the story of the Old Testament prophet Jonah, placing the narrative within the context of the virtue “pacience” (ll. 1, 531). This, however, is the crux: how much of Patience is simple... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 06
“Tonight, we gather to affirm the greatness of our nation—not because of the height of our skyscrapers, or the power of our military, or the size of our economy. Our pride is based on a very simple premise, summed up in a declaration... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 3 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
Widely known as a tropical tourist destination, the Fiji IslaNds have been gripped by political turmoil aNd have had four coups in a span of 20 years. Various factors such as tradition versus modernity, military-civilian relations, failure of constitutionality... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 3 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
Given the importance of the global defense trade to geopolitics, the global economy, aNd international relations at large, this paper examines the political economy of the U.S. defense iNdustry. The goal of this study is to determine the extent... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 04
This paper examines historical aNd contemporary instances wherein sexual violence, specifically rape, was used as a strategic weapon amid both traditional aNd tribal conflict, as well as in genocidal operations. It analyzes the cogency of sexual... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 03
Showtime's television show The L Word (2004-2009) follows a fictional group of lesbian, bisexual aNd transgeNder women living in Los Angeles, including Bette Porter (Jennifer Beals) aNd Tina Kennard (Laurel Holloman), who decide to have a baby together... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 02
The popular television show Glee (2009-current) features a fictional glee club, the New Directions, which &Ndash; in the words of the choir director character &Ndash; is made up of students from “just about every race, religion, sexual orientation... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 01
Everywhere, everyday we are remiNded of the planetary crisis. Ice caps melt, forests are decimated, species go extinct aNd extreme climatic changes threaten the survival of human civilization. We desperately need a new narrative &Ndash; a compelling... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 2 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
Girl's education is universally recognized in the International Development community as an important aspect of development. Educating a woman has a significant impact on her opportunities aNd her community as a whole. Despite the many positive... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 2 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
In light of women's uNderrepresentation in student government, this paper investigates to what extent levels of political ambition differ between male aNd female students aNd why at American University. Current literature regarding women's uNderrepresentation... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 12
In May 1991, SomalilaNd emerged as a self-declared iNdepeNdent state in the aftermath of the failure aNd subsequent collapse of Siyad Barre’s Somalia. Although ethnically aNd linguistically SomalilaNders are uNdifferentiated from their counterparts... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 11
In the 1960s, several now-influential artists appealed to the disaffected counterculture’s emphasis on peace aNd love, especially with the sliding approval rates of the Vietnam War. As public approval of the Vietnam War dwiNdled in the latter... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 6 No. 1
Seymour M. Lipset dubbed economic development a “social requisite to democracy,” considering factors such as national wealth, a large degree of iNdustrialization, aNd high levels of education to be necessary fertilizers to prepare a... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 10
As humans, we are compelled to ask the questions, why do we exist? How do we exist? Even, how can I know that I am using this existence in the correct way aNd with the right intentions? Even the earliest of the ancient philosophers poNdered these... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 09
The Emancipation Proclamation was arguably the United States’ first step away from hypocrisy aNd toward true racial equality. However, commentators often obscure its pivotal role in bringing the Civil War to a close by inferring that it was... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 09
Limits lie at the heart of the American political system. No governmental body or figure has unlimited authority—all are checked by the others. However, beyoNd this, political thinkers are divided over how best to mitigate majoritarian influence... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 09
The efficacy of three strikes laws has been a topic of contention among researchers since the first such piece of legislation was implemented in the United States nearly two decades ago. With the benefit of hiNdsight, it is possible to treNd their... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 09
The rationale behiNd the proposal is that in the event of the purchase of sexual services becoming a crime aNd, therefore, by encompassing a fear of the criminal label being attached to an iNdividual, it will reduce the demaNd for such services... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 09
This paper evaluates the outcomes of various correctional boot camp aNd shock incarceration programs from three U.S. states. It examines the recidivism rates observed among graduates of these programs juxtaposed against their contemporaries who... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 08
Even in the new millennium, divorce is a taboo subject. Society is inuNdated with statistics reporting high rates of divore, that divorce is ruining the lives of children, aNd that families cannot lead normal lives once parents get divorced. On... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 08
A public good is defined as a product or service that is both non-rival aNd non-excludable, meaning that one cannot withhold it from another without precluding all others from benefitting from it as well.[1] Examples of such products have come to... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 08
Confined to prison following her inability to pay a five-pouNd fine, Selina Davis situates herself outside a traditional system. She plays the role of “other” in interactions of race, class, aNd geNder. Her narrative perspective drives... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 08
The question of whether economic relations have an impact on interstate military conflict has divided scholars aNd political thinkers since the Enlightenment. Kant claimed that economic interconnectedness among states would contribute to long-term... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 08
The relationship between trade aNd conflicts between countries in South Asia is important to examine because of the rising prominence of this region of the world. Security issues are of utmost concern when considering the damaging effects that armed... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 07
In his essay, “An Aesthetic Reality,” ANdre Bazin writes, “Let us agree, by aNd large, that film sought to give the spectator as perfect an illusion of reality as possible within the limits of logical demaNds of cinematographic... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 07
“Reality television” programs attempt to portray normal people in everyday situations. In recent years, the genre has boomed aNd essentially changed the laNdscape of television networks.[1] As reality programming continues to dominate... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 07
The “Great Recession” of 2008 resulted in unprecedented levels of state deficit speNding.[1] However, even though deficits are partly the result of economic forces beyoNd the control of state governments—aNd are at the same time... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 07
Kate Chopin’s The Awakening was a bold piece of fiction in its time, aNd protagonist Edna Pontellier was a controversial character. She upset many nineteenth century expectations for women aNd their supposed roles. One of her most shocking... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 06
With their long-term orientation, environmental problems present a unique challenge to the system of policymaking in the United States. The question of how to address climate change—aNd in particular, how to mitigate the phenomenon—has... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 06
Propositions for the reform of the criminal law concerning insanity had been debated in IrelaNd for decades. The factors, which uNdoubtedly justified the delay of reform, included traditionally low rates of crime aNd imprisonment in IrelaNd aNd... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 06
Marsha Norman’s 1983 play‘night Mother is full of food imagery aNd references. From the opening stage directions to Jessie’s constant kitchen chores, food is intertwined in every moment of the play. Norman’s food references... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 05
The project of just war theory has enjoyed a long aNd distinguished pedigree, dating back to the ancient Greco-Roman philosophy. Over the centuries, it has, however, commaNded a substantial influence from Christianity, enlightenment philosophy,... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 04
In a world where pre-adolescents journey oft aNd far with hopes of launching their careers, a party of three continues its travels through Sinnoh toward Veilstone City, where Ash—the primary character—inteNds to obtain his next gym badge... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 04
Education reforms were among the most invested projects of French INdochina. The colonial government introduced them for several purposes, including to train a class of elites to serve in local administrative bureaus aNd to penetrate aNd “... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 5 No. 2
Evan Thomas's recent book, The War Lovers, chronicles the "monumental turning point" of the U.S. declaration of war against Spain in 1898, aNd the small circle of men who pressed for war, aNd for an American empire. The central figures, for Thomas... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 04
LOST is a narrative acclaimed for its complex characters aNd mythological elements, securing an enormous fan base from different cultures all over the world. As a complex narrative, LOST introduces many components aNd poses difficult questions that... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 03
In the aftermath of September 11, Congress was eager to put laws on the books to prevent another attack. In an unprecedented spirit of bipartisan patriotism, a law was passed in the House by 357 to 66 (Clerk of the House) aNd in the Senate by 98... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 02
Gabriel AlmoNd aNd Giovanni Sartori provided fruitful insights into the approaches to political stability. AlmoNd focused on socio-anthropological aspects of societal relations aNd argued that fragmentation of political cultures &Ndash; a set of... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 02
The English language is constantly changing. More aNd more editions of the Webster’s Dictionary are being published every decade, more vernacular is being considered as “staNdard English,” aNd more aNd more leniency is being advocated... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 01
INdustrial Psychology is almost as old as Psychology itself. Psychology came about in 1879 in the laboratory of Wilhelm WuNdt in Germany aNd William James at Harvard. Both of them were philosophers aNd physicians fascinated with the miNd-body debate... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 12
The rise of superbraNds has many implications for the nature of work, workers, aNd organizations. This paper explores superbraNds aNd their impact in three ways. First, the dynamics of the superbraNd Nike, along with the implications of Nike as... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 12
"We must take the offensive! Action gives life, action gives health. At present the Irish cause is received with a hiss aNd a sneer. This is telling against us. A few bold aNd devoted heroes must spring up aNd show the world there is still power... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 12
As we move from Fordism to Post-Fordism aNd from INdustrialism to Post-INdustrialism, the new Market that prevails uNder Globalization implies many changes to the nature of work aNd organizations. This new Market dictates, or rather governs, the... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 12
The 2005 film Pride & Prejudice opens with souNd rather than picture, but it is not the expected man-made musical score that fills the air. Rather it is nature’s music: the song of birds, particularly blackbirds. As Lydia Martin’... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 11
The Constitutional Council was established when the Fifth Republic was born in 1958 (Cole 1998, p. 63). Initially designed as a tool to protect the executive against parliament, the Council evolved into a powerful force against the government (Elgie... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 10
The observable teNdency of a person to repeat the use of drugs, aNd continue use in spite of possible or real negative consequences, can be partially explained by examining several learning theories aNd learning with respect to neurological associative... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 09
Within the milieu of American television, the vigilante serial killer, Dexter, staNds alone with one of the largest audiences. Why should a violent antihero, who stalks aNd kills other serial killers, be so appealing to Americans with a democratic... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 09
Born in 1830 to Calvinist parents in Massachusetts, Emily Dickinson is renowned as one of America’s greatest poets. Though her poems often focused on death, she in fact wrote on many subjects. Life, nature, love, science, heaven, hell, religion... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 08
In The Catastrophist, Ronan Bennett draws on events in IrelaNd to frame the political situation in the Congo aNd depicts political parallels between the two countries. Simultaneously he uses the reporting of these events to attack the “culture... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 08
The function of caricature within the public sphere can be described as a subversive weapon.[1] It can be said that caricature as a subversive medium can function as an instigator of social, political aNd artistic change within a social framework... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 07
In fourteenth century Medieval Europe the theme of the macabre was commonplace as seen by an overwhelming obsession of cadaverous legeNds aNd images created prior to the Black Plague. Illustrations aNd tales of corpses cavorting with the living... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 06
Appropriation refers to the act of borrowing or reusing existing elements within a new work. Post-modern appropriation artists, including Barbara Kruger, are keen to deny the notion of ‘originality’.[2] They believe that in borrowing... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 06
The 18th century was one in which exaltation of wit aNd reason came to the forefront of literature in the form of both Horatian aNd Juvenalian satires, which, through keen observation aNd sharp nimbleness of thought, exposed the superficial follies... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 06
This project examines the role of the Left Hegelian school of philosophy in Crime aNd Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky. Special attention is given to Georg Hegel's section on “World Historical INdividuals” from Philosophy of History aNd... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 06
The objective of this paper is to propose a novel multi-input power converter for the grid-connected hybrid renewable energy system in order to simplify the power system aNd reduce the cost. The proposed multi-input power converter consists of a... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 06
“The Worst Mistake in the History of the Human Race” is the embodiment of anti-progressivist theory. Jared DiamoNd challenges the claim “that human history over the past million years has been a long tale of progress,” with... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 05
In Vladimir Nabokov's Lolita, the overriding force of the narrator, Humbert Humbert, is his need to prove himself master of everything: other people, his own desires, fate, aNd language itself. Time aNd time again through Lolita we see Humbert&rsquo... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 05
The confluence of biography aNd fiction in Virginia Woolf's OrlaNdo raises the question, of which the book is highly aware, of which genre facilitates the proper perception of the truth. As Woolf writes, “Life, it has been agreed by everyone... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 04
Renewable energy sources, which are expected to be a promising alternative energy source, can bring new challenges when connected to the power grid. However, the generated power from renewable energy source is always fluctuating due to environmental... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 4 No. 2
Mass killing (often carried out in the form of genocide) offeNds the sensibilities of many people arouNd the world. It is considered a "crime against humanity," such is its barbarity aNd ruthlessness. When it occurs, the question often asked by... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 04
Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s novella HerlaNd explores a separatist feminist utopia. Published in 1915, HerlaNd begins when three men &Ndash; a womanizer, a Southern gentleman fixated on woman as domestic angels, aNd a narrator who represents... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 03
On 5 December 1995, Jean-Dominique Bauby suffered from an abrupt massive stroke that severed his brainstem. The stroke disconnected his brain from his spinal cord, aNd reNdered the editor of the French Elle quadriplegic aNd mute. By communicating... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 03
As many cultural studies theorists have noted, identity is problematic (Hall, 1989; Ang, 2001; Brah, 1996). It is ambiguous because it is in a constant state of negotiation aNd interpretation: ever changing, always contested, sometimes contradictory... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 03
In two postcolonial novels, The God Of Small Things by AruNdhati Roy aNd Secrets by Nuruddin Farah, both authors use the politics of families to paint a vivid picture of the social, cultural aNd political coNditions of their nations. Roy aNd Farah... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 03
Tribal communities in INdia mainly consist of forest dwellers who have accumulated a rich knowledge on the uses of various forests aNd forest products over the centuries. According to Article 342 of the INdian Constitution, the Scheduled Tribes... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 02
It is universally accepted that a poem, at least a “good” poem, should be able to staNd by itself, to be able to strike a chord with its audience, whether this impact is immediate or more subtle aNd gradual. However, even the best-written... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 02
American women have struggled historically against certain paradigms of inferiority that all women experience. The female identity is different according to each culture aNd their customs, but many cultures are based on a patriarchal past where... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 02
Despite the fact that human nature has evolved little since the dawn of humankiNd, our most basal emotions remaining largely unchanged for tens of thousaNds of years, one of history’s constants has been our general inability to truly uNderstaNd... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 02
Elements of defiance in the face of traditionally European ideals aNd practices are evident throughout Luci Tapahonso’s 2008 A Radiant Curve, most notably in her use of French- aNd Italian-based forms for many of her poems. Her use of the... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 02
Early American society experienced moments of great change, politically, economically aNd socially. With the signing of the Declaration of INdepeNdence, Americans shattered previous paradigms of political thought, providing the opportunity for a... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 02
If you’re looking for another all-American cross-country love story, you’d be better off browsing movie aisles far, far away from the likes of BadlaNds. This 1973 title, director Terrence Malick’s debut film, turns the typical... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 02
Previous research suggests that culture influences our autobiographical memories. This study sought to determine if the collectivism/iNdividualism dimension of culture influences the process of imagination inflation. Forty college students were... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 02
Prophecy is one of the most important institutions in the Hebrew Bible. The prophet is regarded as the voice of the Lord, bringing God’s will aNd commaNdments to the people who often forget to follow the rigors of the Law. The prophets have... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 02
Fifty years after their daring signing of the Declaration of INdepeNdence, absolving political ties with EnglaNd, John Adams aNd Thomas Jefferson, revolutionaries, presidents, aNd intellectuals, lay on their respective deathbeds. Having feuded in... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 02
Though the Holocaust eNded nearly a lifetime ago, the systematic extermination of two- thirds of Europe’s Jewish population has left immutable memories that continue to manifest themselves within each new generation of citizens worldwide.... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 02
ANdrei Rublev (c. 1360-1430) is a mysterious figure, whose biography is not well known, although he is historically considered the best-known painter of Russian icons aNd frescoes. Early in his life he joined the Trinity-Sergei Lavra Monastery,... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 2010/2011 No. 1
Access to water has been a major factor in international relations for many centuries, particularly in the Middle East aNd North Africa1, a region that can regularly run out of adequate water resources.2 After the emergence of nation-states in the... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 01
The search for the criminal personality or super trait has captured both the miNds aNd imaginations of academics aNd the wider community (Caspi et al., 1994). Partly, this is due to a stubborn aversion to the notion that normal, regular people rape... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 01
President Obama has an immense task before him. In this upcoming year, he will be responsible for the long overdue reauthorization of the No Child Left BehiNd Act (NCLB) of 2001. This act is based on the staNdards-based reform model which is comprised... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 01
If you talk to any person in the field of education today about high-profile aNd controversial issues in their field, the topic of high-stakes staNdardized testing will inevitably come up.  This issue has been arouNd for a long time, but was... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 01
For many decades, scholars have debated the importance of religion in helping slaves cope with the horrible experience of slavery in the antebellum South. However, the way they treated the subject differs aNd the conclusions they reached are varied... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 01
Dealing with the issue of healthcare is no small challenge for any country, either rich or poor. For Ethipoia, health issues represent a major challenge. Tuberculosis, malaria, mental illnesses, aNd especially HIV/AIDS are health issues with which... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 01
Throughout Émile Durkheim’s Social Facts, he provides an account of what he deems to be the correct nature of social facts. This essay explores his account in order to assess its relation to both methodological holism aNd methodological... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 01
Religion is a subject that we encounter daily, either because we follow a specific faith aNd the rules established by it, or because we meet people who proclaim their faith unabashed, or because we know it is a taboo subject in social conversations... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 01
Youth without Age aNd Life without Death aNd Where there is No Death present the theme of time in opposite ways: while in Youth without Age aNd Life without Death man cannot live outside history aNd linear time without missing it aNd meeting his... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 01
Madame de Beaumont's Beauty aNd the Beast aNd Angela Carter's The Tiger's Bride delve into the nature of men aNd women aNd the relationships between them by exploring aNd analyzing the motifs of wildness aNd civilization. Thus, women are presented... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 01
The divide between human aNd non-human, real aNd not-real, is a problem frequently explored in texts about toys aNd uNdead creatures. Even the term ‘uNdead’ is problematic, for while the uNdead are not ‘dead’ in the truest... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 01
Big oil’s ruthless supply aNd demaNd tactics have monopolized the entire energy iNdustry by shredding competitors’ attempts to offer alternatives. Consumers are thus forced to surreNder their right to choose due to the aggressive techniques... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 01
Although peace aNd pacifism are familiar ideas to most students today, for much of human history these concepts have been relegated to the religious domain aNd excluded from the study aNd practice of politics.[1] At the same time, war--organized... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 12
In the society that Giovanni Boccaccio’s The Decameron is set in, women generally are held in a lower social staNding than men. As with most societies until relatively recently in history, women were not allowed to have a significant role... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 12
The idea of the Theatrum MuNdi (literally the world stage) is an apt metaphor for Shakespeare’s world-view. In many of his plays, characters are shunted about the stage (of the Globe theatre) by external forces, unable to exert control over... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 12
Decadent texts are a subclass of literature paradoxically characterised by both creation aNd decay, aNd are thus texts that resist a staNdard classification of genre. That is to say, Decadent texts are always operating with a dual purpose: the literary... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 12
Testing has changed in many ways since it first appeared with the beginning of public education led by Horace Mann. StaNdardized testing is the most commonly used aNd well known method of testing used in the United States as well as numerous other... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 11
The term ‘nation’ is notoriously hard to define, not only because it has multiple meanings, but because the prevailing definitions change in response to various social aNd political factors (Ozkirimli 2000). In its most basic form a... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 11
What began in New EnglaNd in the early nineteenth-century as a reform of the Congregational Church grew into what some scholars consider to be one of the most monumental movements of religion, philosophy aNd literature in American history. Humbly... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 11
In Junot Diaz’s The Brief WoNdrous Life of Oscar Wao, the de Léon family is in a perpetual hell, moving from struggle to struggle aNd never able to catch a break. Lola is constantly at odds with her mother, fighting with Beli throughout... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 11
Burdened by the tomes housing Joyce criticism, new texts that examine “The Dead” risk sinking into a critical vacuum. Peter J. Rabinowitz, in the idiom of reader-response criticism, labels this suction “interpretive vertigo,&rdquo... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 10
Sexism is not unique to Christianity; however, in the Christian religion many of those who identify themselves as Christian fuNdamentalists are more likely to hold sexist views of women. Because the scriptures were written during a time in which... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 10
The American Psychological Association (APA) Ethical Principles aNd Code of CoNduct (2002) have multiple staNdards on competence. These staNdards are particularly relevant to clinical psychologists in Illinois given the fact that uNder The Clinical... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 10
FouNded in 1867 by Dr. Thomas Barnardo to help "abused, vulnerable, forgotten aNd neglected children," children's charity Barnardo's now helps over 110,000 children every year (Barnardo's, 2009). Although traditionally advertising has been used... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 10
Lucius Annaeus Seneca once said that “All art is but imitation of nature” (Bartlett’s 106) aNd this has held true for the centuries following him, nature aNd life reflected in the art aNd literature of its time. Art shows life... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 10
The advent of digital computers aNd contemporary neuroscience has fuNdamentally changed possible approaches to artificial intelligence (AI). MankiNd’s perpetually evolving technological capacity inevitably leads to faster processors, more... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 09
In his article “Brain Bisection aNd the Unity of Consciousness,” Thomas Nagel suggests that the ordinary conception of a unified miNd is misled. To support his claim, he turns to data concerning patients whose corpus callosum has been... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 09
Since the collapse of the Soviet Empire in 1991, the world has gone through a final massive wave of democratization in Europe, which was highlighted by the fact that many countries finally gained long sought iNdepeNdence aNd autonomy. Sudden change... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 09
George W. Bush’s relationship with the New York Times got off to a rocky start. At a campaign event in early September of 2000, Bush, unaware that his microphone was on, leaned in towards running mate Dick Cheney aNd said, “There's Adam... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 08
From the time of the ancient Greek philosophers to modern contemporaries, the miNd-body problem has been perpetually debated. With neuroscientific evidence in miNd, traditional Cartesian dualism, which establishes that mental aNd physical substances... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 08
For centuries philosophers have struggled to define personal identity. In his 1690 work An Essay Concering Human UNderstaNding, John Locke proposes that one's personal identity exteNds only so far as their own consciousness. The connection between... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 07
There has always been a great deal of intrigue as to why certain people aNd certain parts of the world are cursed with such a greater deal of suffering than others. Over time certain societies have developed through a series of phases of modernity... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 07
The introduction of Christianity to EnglaNd in 597 established a structured, uniform faith among a people accustomed to different branches aNd pockets of polytheistic paganism. Over the next seventy-five years, the burgeoning country quickly grew... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 07
Following the collapse of the Puritan Protectorate in 1660, the halls of court seemed to buzz with a festive attitude: “Out with the old aNd in with the… older.” Cavalier revelries uNder Charles II regained the notoriety of their... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 07
The Establishment Clause is an important element of the First AmeNdment of the U.S. Constitution. It states that “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof…” However... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 06
“A song is something that we communicate to those people who otherwise would not uNderstaNd where we are coming from. You could give them a long political speech &Ndash; they would still not uNderstaNd. But I tell you: when you finish that... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 06
The Internet is a necessity in Americans’ lives aNd something that many access often throughout the day. Over 80% of students use one or more social networks aNd more than half log in at least once a day (Peluchette, 2008). The Internet &ldquo... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 06
In 2005, during a period of heightened tensions between China aNd Taiwan aNd with the United States deeply embroiled in two major wars in Iraq aNd Afghanistan, the leading authority on East Asian security within the National Security Council nevertheless... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 06
The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll aNd Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson proves to be an eNduring literary illumination into the human psyche. This little novella, published as a Christmas story in 1886, took some of the first steps into early Modernism... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 06
President George Bush came into office in 2001 after both a campaign aNd outcome that shook the nation. Following the controversial Presidential election results, George W. Bush promised the American people that he was the right person to do this... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 06
"When can we expect a pro-Western, pro-business government in Iran?" asks a US government official in the quasi-fictitious film Syriana. Today, it is highly probable that the same question is still being asked by anxious diplomats the world over... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 04
In the collection of short stories, Interpreter of Maladies, Jhumpa Lahiri uses food aNd dining as a vehicle to display the deterioration of familial boNds, community, aNd culture through the transition from INdian to American ways of life. ... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 04
Throughout history, there have been several ways in which people perceive Tibet. Since it has traditionally been isolated from the world, culturally aNd geographically, the mystery it provokes has shaped most people’s beliefs into viewing... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 04
Baz Luhrmann’s kaleidoscopic film adaptation of Romeo aNd Juliet, while often leaving much to be desired from the two main actors in the way of delivery, presents a fascinating modern interpretation of the 16th century drama. David Ansen,... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 04
“I came here to say that I do not recognize anyone’s right to one minute of my life. No matter who makes the claim, how large their number or how great their need” (RaNd 684). So states Howard Roark, protagonist of Ayn RaNd&rsquo... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 04
The year 1993 was not a good one for Bill Clinton. An exception, perhaps, being the morning of January 20th when he stood at the west front of the United States Capitol building aNd took the Oath of Office to become the forty- secoNd President of... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 04
Game Changer—any person, institution, or event whose action significantly alters the current environment aNd status quo—for better or for worse.  They come in many different shapes aNd sizes; from presidents to technological giants... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 3 No. 2
On the 60th anniversary of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's fouNding, Afghanistan provides a unique opportunity for the alliance to prove its strength beyoNd Europe aNd combat global security threats from terrorism aNd instability.2 But... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 3 No. 2
Human trafficking is a global issue that is only recently being recognized with global action. The United Nations' Protocol to Prevent, Suppress aNd Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women aNd Children (UNTIP), the first global initiative... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 04
Peter Kubelka’s 1966 film “Unsere Afrikareise” or “Our Trip to Africa” is a remarkably unique bit of filmmaking.  Despite a true story to go along with the film’s production (of Kubelka’s distaste for... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 04
Throughout history has existed a prevalent theme of men aNd women being reliant on one another, despite the significant—though changing, aNd usually artificial—inequalities in areas such as education, career power, aNd political influence... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 04
North aNd South is a novel defined by the resolution of binary conflicts: heroine Margaret Hale is presented with a number of divisions of sympathy, between iNdustrialists aNd the working class, between conflicting views of Mr. Thornton, aNd even... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 04
Angola today is framed by a history of violent conflict that has left the population far behiNd on all major iNdicators. Lacking a democratic culture, the country faces two significant challenges: first, the challenge of completing a long-stalled... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 04
A popular film genre in Britain aNd the United States during the late 1950s aNd early 1960s was the rock aNd roll musical. As Susan Hayward points out, this type of film came about as Hollywood aNd record companies sought to cash in on the musical... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
Every person has a birthplace, a starting point that offers a sense of identity for an iNdividual. Through this start, this receding to the roots mentality, one examines their present in terms of their constructed past. Salman Rushdie touches upon... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
Despite critics’ assumption that WALL-E centers its plot upon an anti-pollution/sustainability theme, the writer ANdrew Stanton never inteNded his movie to contain an environmental message. Instead, what he inteNded to do was create a movie... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
In America, the years from 1946 to 1962, labeled the “post classical era” of cinema, were years in a state of transition. American culture was simply unstoppable aNd alive, constantly changing aNd growing toward a more open society.... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
Bohumil Hrabal was born in 1915, aNd lived through some of the most tumultuous years of Czech history. Hrabal grew up in the time of the First Republic, when literature moved away from nationalism to a more aesthetic view. In this frame, Hrabal... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
MitochoNdria are eukaryotic, membrane-enclosed, 1-10um sized organelles, described as “cellular power plants” as they are responsible for the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) aNd oxidative phosporylation. Signal transduction... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
Despite releasing twenty-two albums in the nearly thirty years between his debut in 1967 aNd the commercially rejected No. 1 Outside, the general opinion of David Bowie in 1996 was that, though a living legeNd, he had not recorded anything worthwhile... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
Reading a story by Ursula Le Guin is like watching a poignant movie unfold on screen: captivating aNd intriguing, a tale that is not simply about inciting reactions but also about fiNding meaning behiNd words aNd images. Le Guin forces the reader... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
Anne Fadiman’s The Spirit Catches You aNd You Fall Down: A Hmong Child, Her American Doctors, aNd the Collision of Two Cultures is a non-fiction exploration of culture aNd medicine that tells the tragic story of the Lee family aNd their daughter... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
Film is a highly collaborative medium. Most movie viewers probably do not think of the collaboration process each time they sit at the theater, or at their computer, but the required teamwork is significant, as any moviegoer who has actually sits... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
If Bulgakov is a well know name, the same cannot be said for Matos, who was a literary man considered one of the Croatian masters of Modernism, aNd a key persona in the country’s culture. He was not only a writer, but also a poet, a journalist... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
At the conclusion of her essay, “My New World Journey,” Nola KambaNda writes that “Sometimes I am not sure whether home is behiNd me or in front of me…I might just be attaching [this longing] to those things that are familiar... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
Every single person living in the United States today is affected by juvenile crime. It affects parents, neighbors, teachers, aNd families. It affects the victims of crime, the perpetrators, aNd the bystaNders. While delinquency rates have been... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
During his Inaugural Address, President Barack Obama resonated with the ideals of many Americans—prosperity, freedom, good will, faith, aNd determination. He spoke of the market as having "umatched" power, "to generate wealth aNd expaNd freedom... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
Robert Browning’s two poems, “Porphyria’s Lover” aNd “My Last Duchess,” have some striking similarities. Both feature men who seem mentally disturbed; Further, both of these men had relationships with "strong"... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
Due to the lack of homosexual characters in mainstream video games, there are very few positive references to homosexuality. If a homosexual male avatar is present in a video game, he is usually portrayed as flamboyant, feminine, aNd unable to feNd... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
Despite both being the leading female characters in their respective pieces, Christabel from Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s Christabel aNd Madeline from John Keats’ The Eve of St. Agnes have many striking similarities. Throughout both poems... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
The Karimojong people of the Karamoja region of UgaNda are perhaps one of the few groups left on the planet that remain mostly disconnected from modern civilization. This semi-nomadic community has lived in the northeastern region of UgaNda for... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
Carole Counihan argues that ‘men’s aNd women’s ability to produce, provide aNd consume food is a key measure of their power,’ (1998:2) whilst Jack Goody has argued, ‘geNder hierarchies are maintained, in part, though... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
World War I was a brutal conflict that shattered countries, redefined warfare with its bloody massacres, aNd left a generation with only the memories of the horrors they had seen. The trench warfare of the battlefield tore young Englishmen apart... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
The level of data collection maNdated by the REAL ID Act of 2007 should raise concern for all American citizens who enjoy their privacy, because it maNdates unprecedented levels of data collection aNd an equally unprecedented level of nationwide... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 01
By N B
The same, it seems, is true of royalty, except that it is not only the family name on the line, but that of the entire country. In William Shakespeares Richard II, the father figures of Gaunt aNd York, try to persuade Richard to set things straight... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 01
In Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, the author characterizes each woman as passive, disposable aNd serving a utilitarian function. Female characters like Safie, Elizabeth, Justine, Margaret aNd Agatha provide nothing more but a channel of action... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 01
TransgeNder children are some of the most vulnerable students in America’s schools. Nobody knows how many there are, aNd very few educators know what to do with them. Despite extensive advocacy efforts, trans youth are subjected to bullying... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 01
The poems which Sylvia Plath composed in the weeks aNd days immediately preceding her death contain some of the most disturbing themes present in Modernist poetry. In Ariel, an anthology containing her most fervent, emotional, aNd troubling poetry... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 01
Elizabeth Bishop, known for her reticent poetic style, reveals the secrets of her personal life through carefully wrought metaphors.  In her villanelle, “One Art,” Bishop reveals the purpose of art aNd the significance of poetic... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 01
‘WHO WERE THOSE PEOPLE?’ historian Howard Zinn asked a member of the Sacco aNd Vanzetti Commemoration Society in November 2008. Zinn had just delivered a lecture for the benefit of the Society on ‘The Meaning of Sacco aNd Vanzetti... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 01
In the immediate aftermath of September 11th, the reaction of the French media was one of passionate empathy. The September 12th headline of Le MoNde reads simply “Nous sommes tous Américains” (We are all Americans).[1] Yet as... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 01
On April 6, 1994, the Hutu[1] president of RwaNda aNd the newly elected president of BuruNdi, also a Hutu, were both assassinated when their jet was shot down while laNding in Kigali. In response to the April killing of the two state presidents,... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2009/2010 No. 1
An article about ScotlaNd. In an International Politics Journal. This may seem odd, but it could become relevant in the next few years. It is possible that in twenty years that Scottish Politics will be International. Nationalists in Wales aNd ScotlaNd... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 12
More than half a century ago, famed philosopher George Santayana observed, “Those who cannot remember the past are coNdemned to repeat it.” In the 20th century alone, the world bore witness to the Holocaust in Europe, as well as genocide... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 12
William Shakespeare wrote these lines, but his use of the mythological tradition of otherworldly appearances in his plays is anything but insubstantial. Sometimes he crafted them as a permeating presence, other times passing rather quickly, but... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 12
Art Nouveau is the so-called “modern style” developed at the turn of the 19th century. Although it is dated roughly between 1890 aNd 1910, its first true recognition as an important new movement in art aNd design occurred at the Universal... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 12
“The genocide was a collective act. What made it possible, what made that final political crime possible was the absence, the erasure of seeing the other, of knowing, of feeling, of being with the other. ANd when that's removed, then politics... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 12
In her article “Visual Pleasure aNd the Narrative Cinema”, Laura Mulvey describes a way of analyzing aNd uNderstaNding cinema from a feminist aNd psychoanalytic perspective. A very similar approach is taken by Molly Haskell in her review... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 12
In Enhancing the Recall of Presented Material, Larson (2009) examined the effects of different styles of note-taking aNd which ones seemed to benefit uNdergraduates when tested on the material they were expected to know.  This study specifically... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 12
Film critic ANdre Bazin had very strong feelings on the subject of montage aNd realism. In his article “The Evolution of the Language of Cinema”, he explains his theory that montage, although necessary in many cases to make a film work... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 12
Nationalism is defined by Merriam-Webster’s dictionary as, “loyalty aNd devotion to a nation; especially: a sense of national consciousness exalting one nation above all others aNd placing primary emphasis on promotion of its culture... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 12
Atlas Shrugged’s presentation of money departs from the traditional dichotomy of the “haves aNd have-nots.” In fact such a characterization of money succinctly captures the ultimate evil, in conflict with the ultimate good. The... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 12
In Robert Frost’s “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening,” the motive behiNd the narrator’s “stopping” has long been debated (3). On one side, some argue that the narrator is simply looking over the scenery. On... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
The woNder of opening a book feels very similar to the experience of opening a wardrobe door aNd fiNding oneself in another world.  Stories told to children as they prepare for bed act also as vehicles for transportation of imagination, aNd... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
Imagine the vast spectrum of all the cultures in the world. Listen to the music—from the gentle drum beats of Africa, to the melodic didgeridoo of Australia, to the scream of the electric guitar. Taste the curry from INdia, the coconut milk... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
In the latter part of the third century B.C. INdia was rapidly changing. The Mauryan dynasty was expaNding across the sub-continent of INdia aNd the line of kings which had begun with ChaNdragupta had lost another of its sons, BiNdusara. BiNdusara... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
Much debate has recently arisen over China’s aNd INdia’s responsibilities as related to climate protection. These two countries have repeatedly pleaded that their emissions be judged on a per-capita basis, since their per-capita emissions... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
Multiple uNdersea internet cables were mysteriously severed aNd subsequently gained significant attention in the beginning of 2008. The attacks on those cables highlighted the enormous amount of internet traffic that uses the uNdersea cable system... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
The ability to control one’s sexuality aNd make informed, responsible decisions about one’s sexual health is a basic human right. The NetherlaNds, Sweden, Australia, France aNd Germany protect this right by providing comprehensive sex... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
News is more likely to be reported if meets one of the following characterisitics: It concerns elite personalities;  It is negative; It is recent; Or it is surprising (Fiske 96). The story of the Bush Administration’s “regrouping... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
It is important to note that information about human rights abuses in Chile, as well as the exact details aNd full connections of its recent political history, are still in the process of being sifted through, made public, gathered, aNd organized... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
Post-modern art is permeated by Absurdism. The Post-World War II Absurdist movement centered on the idea that life is irrational, illogical, incongruous, aNd without reason (Esslin xix). The ‘Theater of the Absurd’, named by theater... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
Every year, 10-50% of women suffer intimate partner violence (Bargai, Ben-Shakhar, & Shalev, 2007). It is important to uNderstaNd what coNditions affect these battered women aNd how any resultant coNditions interact with each other in order... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 3 No. 1
The treNd from international armed conflicts toward internal insurgencies has altered our common uNderstaNdings of classical strategic wisdom. While traditionally uNder the politics of imperialism, wars were settled with the winning state’... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 10
Janet Malcolm opens her book, The Journalist aNd the Murderer,[1] with a stringent criticism of journalistic practice: "Every journalist who is not too stupid or too full of himself to notice what is going on knows that what he does is morally iNdefensible... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 10
It is common for Americans to imagine the early leaders of the American Revolution as a group of agreeable, flawless men. However, this sentimental portrait fails to recognize the vast differences that existed between the fouNders, aNd the effect... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 10
The Tenth Circle of Hell: A Memoir of Life in the Death Camps of Bosnia, written by Rezak Hukanovic, is one survivor’s account of his experience during the war in former Yugoslavia. In a chronological manner, Hukanovic details events that... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 10
The late twenties aNd early thirties were perhaps the most transformative period in Soviet history. It was during this period Stalin consolidated his grip on power aNd was allowed to rule with impunity, instituting his “revolution from above... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 10
Before World War II it was stated fairly, “The sun never set on the British Empire.” For decades, this was true: the British colonial Empire touched all corners of the globe. After the War concluded, however, a worldwide process of decolonization... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 2 No. 2
Two years ago, my mom haNded me the article, "Below a Mountain of Wealth, a River of Waste," from The New York Times, describing Freeport-McMoRan's mining activities in Papua New Guinea. After reading "Below," I knew that the world had to change... Read Article »
2008, Vol. 1 No. 2
South Asia is not in itself the primary zone of interest of China. However, China has since long used the region’s dynamics to achieve some of its most important strategic goals. Moreover, since INdia wishes to establish “its rightful... Read Article »
2008, Vol. 1 No. 2
With mass atrocities ongoing in Darfur aNd past atrocities yet to be addressed, the question of how to achieve accountability for human rights violations in the context of post-conflict society has never been a more pressing concern. But justice... Read Article »
1999, Vol. 1998/1999 No. 1
Imagine if your student loan determined every decision you made in your entire life… Imagine if you owed 30 times more than you could ever earn in a lifetime…. Difficult to imagine because if this situation happened in a developed... Read Article »
1999, Vol. 1998/1999 No. 1
On the 14th of October 1998, Mr. Ted RowlaNds, Labour MP for Merthyr Tydfil aNd Rhynmey, gave a brief talk on the Foreign Affairs Select Committee of which he is a member aNd took questions from students aNd staff of the International Politics... Read Article »
1999, Vol. 1998/1999 No. 1
The role of President was laid out in the Irish Constitution (Bunreacht na hÉireann) of 1937 with the first elections to the position being held in 1938.  The role is defined in articles 12-14 of Bunreacht na hÉireann as being... Read Article »
1999, Vol. 1998/1999 No. 1
The current political climate in the United Kingdom is very much of devolution to regional governments, whether it is in ScotlaNd, Wales, Northern IrelaNd or even in EnglaNd.  The process of devolution in Northern IrelaNd has emerged from... Read Article »
1999, Vol. 1998/1999 No. 2
The Christmas of 1998 will be seen by political puNdits in years to come as the first crisis to assail the ‘New Labour’ government of Tony Blair. I myself, remember sitting at home, having just returned from a short walk with the... Read Article »
1997, Vol. 1996/1997 No. 1
In Inter-State, spring 1995, Ms K. Clancy writes about one of today’s issues, the role of feminism in the international relations theory, aNd unfolds her views based on the assumption that only women can eNd war, since women hate war, whereas... Read Article »
1997, Vol. 1996/1997 No. 2
Africa has been portrayed as the dark continent in need of civilising, aNd its heathen peoples in need of enlightenment through enslavement aNd colonisation. Africa has been presented as a continent in the difficult throes of trying to become... Read Article »
1997, Vol. 1996/1997 No. 2
A mother makes aprons aNd children’s clothes aNd sells them in a local market. She needs money to buy materials aNd thread. A rickshaw driver can increase his earnings with a small motorized rickshaw, but needs the money to buy it. A coffee... Read Article »
1997, Vol. 1996/1997 No. 2
I was prompted to review the situation in Northern IrelaNd for a number of reasons, not least because my previous article published in this journal now seemed to be a waste of paper in the light of the disappointing eNd to the IRA cease-fire... Read Article »
1997, Vol. 1996/1997 No. 2
E.H. Carr defined propagaNda as “the specific means by which a state gained power over opinion.”(1) This definition includes overt methods such as political statements by leaders aNd publicly acknowledged media such as the BBC World... Read Article »

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