Cia  (tagged articles)

The keyword Cia is tagged in the following 144 articles.

2017, Vol. 7 No. 2
Published by Clocks and Clouds
Over the last couple of decades, women-spearheaded soCial movements have mobilized to leave a lasting impression on civil societies across the globe. The Arab Spring challenged old ideas of oppressive regimes and signaled possibilities for change... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 04
Antonio Gramsci’s interpretation and analysis of “hegemony,” its mechanisms, causes and consequences for the Left, is fundamentally an attempt to grapple with how culture and the “common sense of the epoch” (Miliband... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 03
The Obama presidency will largely be defined by the administration’s ability to respond to the unique and historic challenge facing the country at the time of his inauguration: the Great Recession. This paper evaluates the president’... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 03
The evolution of soCial media sites, such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, etc., have changed the way we look at relationships. SoCial networking sites have become a popular place to meet and connect with other people. They are also a place where... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 03
The Conceptual Access-Network Thesis proposed suggests that the development or success of any new internet-based product, service, or technology will ultimately be contingent upon how well it satisfies the criterion of providing access to or creating... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 02
The Peruvian Communist Party (PCP) was founded as the Peruvian SoCialist Party in 1928 by José Carlos Mariátegui after his analysis of the “semifeudal” Peruvian economic state, which did not strictly follow Marx’s... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 02
This study examines the effects of the Dodd-Frank Act on community banks in the Northeastern region of the United States. Using annual finanCial data from years 2010 to 2014 gathered on 82 banks, a regression equation is estimated using the Generalized... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 01
When it comes to soCial perceptions of sexuality, media portrayals cannot be ignored, and in most cases provide important insights into the ideologies present at a certain point in history. In terms of Toronto, in the late 1960s, mainstream media... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 10 No. 1
"One thing governments have got is legislation. Legislation has an impact. It affects millions of people in a country just by a stroke of a pen."  – Executive Director of UN Women, Dr. Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, "Gender and Violence... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 10 No. 1
Labor markets have traditionally been regarded as the product of a demand and supply of labor.2 In Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage, political economists Peter A. Hall and David Soskice put forth two... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 11
This article provides a historical perspective on the bystander effect, a soCial phenomenon that Darley and Latané first studied experimentally in 1968. Critical events that took place prior to the study of the bystander effect are discussed... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 10
Pride and Prejudice, the work of nineteenth century novelist Jane Austen, has been celebrated for over two-hundred years since its first publication. It has been adapted, reinvented and re-imagined over and over again to the delight of both loyal... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 10
The present study provided a systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized control trials involving the effectiveness of various rehabilitation methods that have been implemented for the treatment of anterior cruCiate ligament reconstruction... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 09
Something seems different about 2016. Something many of us just can’t place our fingers on. Sure, The Donald looms disconcertingly over us, a threatening testament to American fear, but it’s not like he has transformed the political... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 09
The right to privacy dates back farther than 1890, when Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis penned The Right to Privacy: “In the very early times, the law gave remedy only for physical interference with life and property, for trespasses vi... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 09
Afro-Pessimism forwards a cruCially important foundation with which anyone concerned with forming Black resistance strategy should navigate. It accurately understands that Black life exists outside of the traditional humanist metric, and Blackness... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 07
The modern world has made incredible bounds towards generating soCial movements to support disenfranchised groups. When thinking of soCial movements, people tend to conjure the image of visibly alienated groups that have become vocal in order to... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 06
One of the most well established assertions in criminology is that of the relationship between crime and age (e.g. Sampson & Laub, 1992, 1998; McAra & McVie, 2012), in which developmentally orientated researchers attempt to explain how crime... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 06
In their search for a new development paradigm, many African governments and international organizations have reverted to cooperatives, a distinct business model that manifest a turbulent history ranging from pre-colonial to colonial and post-independence... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 7 No. 1
Reality television has been around for more than a half-century, dating back to the hidden cameras in Candid Camera in 1948. Today, one of the most popular reality television shows is Keeping Up with the Kardashians, an inside look at a celebrity... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 7 No. 1
Today, more than 15 million Americans practice yoga, making the ancient Indian discipline synonymous with the Western society's culture of wellness. As a way to market themselves, practitioners and instructors of yoga have utilized Instagram &ndash... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 7 No. 1
Since its development, YouTube, the world's third most popular online destination, has transformed from a video-sharing site into a job opportunity for content creators in both new and mainstream media. Based on content analysis, the study examined... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 6 No. 2
Published by Clocks and Clouds
What is the meaning of the American Dream for educated black Americans? How do perceptions of the equality and the achievability of the American Dream among educated black Americans correlate with the dominant discourse on the subject? This research... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 7 No. 1
Instagram allows users to share a snapshot of their lives with a mass audience in a matter of seconds. This capability and power has not gone unnoticed by celebrities, who are highly aware of the impact their soCial media accounts have on fans and... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 05
There have been plenty of greater revolutions in the history of the modern world, and certainly plenty of more successful ones. Yet there has been none which spread more rapidly and widely, running like a bushfire across frontiers, countries and... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 04
SoCial and economic wellbeing are not simply determined by the choices one makes. SoCial class and poverty display consistent patterns across groups and generations making soCial mobility and economic success difficult in individual lives. But there... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 03
The 2015 photo series “Removed,” shot by Eric Pickersgill, contains twenty-eight black and white photographs showing different individuals of all ages staged in various settings looking down at their palms as if scrolling through their... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 2
Instagram, a soCial media app, is becoming increasingly popular as a business and communication tool. Analyzing 12 posts on Dunkin' Donuts' Instagram account, this case study attempted to understand branding through framing theory. The study found... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 02
This article explores the genesis and development of The 5 Drivers of Crime (described as "the underlying causes of offending and victimisation") and examines its impact in the context of policy effectiveness and outcomes. The ‘drivers of... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 02
This study explored the interplay of stereotypical behaviors and soCial skills interventions in a clinical environment when stereotypy was not the focus of the interventions. A case study design was implemented to observe two participants that exhibited... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 2015/2016 No. 2
In the last few years the Internet has borne witness to and facilitated a great deal of soCial and societal change. From Hilary Clinton's positive 2010 address; ‘Remarks on Internet Freedom', to the Tunisian and Egyptian revolutions that showcased... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) has ravaged sub-Saharan Africa in the decades since its first recorded case. The disease has reached epidemic levels in many regions, with millions of new cases diagnosed each year. This paper examines... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 12
Gazing up at rulers past and present, it is easy to attribute success to an innate and ineffable quality of greatness. We are led to believe from countless tales of heroism that with just a dash of lucky circumstance some individuals are simply... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 12
This study focuses on the relationship between prior foodservice experience and a person’s tipping behavior. Using data from a survey of 500 University of Maryland undergraduate students, an analysis is completed by regressing restaurant experience... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 11
A review of literature on soCial movements highlights its many and sometimes conflicting definitions. Relying on Saba Mahmood’s Politics of Piety (2005) – an ethnographic account of grassroots women’s piety movement in the mosques... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 2
Filmmaker Wes Anderson has developed a distinct aesthetic style that is easily recognizable through his use of striking color palettes. The purpose of this research was to draw conclusions about soCial stratification, soCial construction and the... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 2
Recent advancements in digital media have had drastic effects on magazines across the country. This research paper addressed those results by examining the digital and soCial media practices of four city magazines based in the American Southeast... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 11
Attempting to find scientific explanations for the Holocaust (Russell, 2011), Milgram designed the experiment to test ordinary people’s susceptibility to authority. Subjects were instructed to administer increasingly strong electric shocks... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 10
This research paper thoroughly explains the concept of money laundering and examines the costs that are endured by the governments, finanCial institutions, but most importantly individuals who are most vulnerable to the influence of organized criminal... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 09
Dr. Timothy Quill made headlines in the fields of patient rights and euthanasia when he published “Death and Dignity” in the New England Journal of Medicine (1991). In the articlce, Quill described his long-term patient, Diane, who had... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 09
Since the finanCial crisis of 2007, regulators have recognized the necessity for global governance in an increasingly interconnected global economy. Many have praised the extent to which regulators have already minimized the damage of the crisis... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 09
“Beware: Capitalist-Consumerism poses a danger to our SoCialist ideals,” the Soviet-propaganda papers such as Pravdaand Izvestyahad proclaimed since the harrowing days of the Cold War. But by the early 1990s, the evergreen motto of the... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 09
Since its introduction by German-born Political Scientist Elizabeth Noelle-Neumann in 1974, the Spiral of Silence theory has become one of the most-researched communication theories that explains public opinion formation in a media environment (... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 09
In contemporary China, as a result of centuries of censorship, major dissent at the domestic level has become rather rare. This research paper examines the mechanics of censorship in China. It will explore the evolution of censorship over time as... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 07
This study looks at populist movements in Greece that formed in reaction to the failures of elite statist politiCians. Beginning with the 2008 student uprisings in Athens, this narrative follows the escalation of soCial and political activism as... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 06
The concept of a “fourth estate” was first articulated by John Declare, editor of The Times in an article published in 1853. He believed the press had a cruCial role to play in British society’s transformation into a representative... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 5 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
Organized crime and terrorist organizations cannot be battled by force alone; anti-money laundering (AML) techniques have become key tools to trace these individuals through their finances. Every country has an interest in implementing internationally... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 1
Instagram is a growing soCial media platform that provides a means of self-expression and communication through creative visuals. Businesses are responding to this trend by using it as a cost-effective marketing tool. This paper examined the accounts... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 1
As the world becomes more technologically advanced, the demand for two-way communication between brand and consumer has become stronger. This study tried to develop a relationship between the rise in new media and luxury brands by content analyzing... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 1
This research paper addressed how technology has changed cultural relationships consumers have with music. The music industry’s business model has undergone substantial change over the last decade, and understanding artists’ cultural... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 1
Understanding soCial media, an integral part of 21st century American life, is more important than ever. On the one-year anniversary of the 2013 Boston Marathon bombings, it is clear that Twitter was a primary source of information for many Americans... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 1
This study focused on why the act of taking selfies and posting them to the Internet is a factor leading to an increase in narcissistic and selfish behaviors. This study examined whether the Millennial Generation believes the selfie phenomenon is... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 04
The simplistic history of modern journalism commonly disseminated in western classrooms describes literary journalism and its manifestations around the world as traceable back to a single Anglo-American tradition — specifically, the American... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 04
"Rashid Johnson: Message to Our Folks" was a solo exhibition on view at the Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum from September 20, 2013 to January 6, 2014. The gestural painting Antibiotic (pictured below) differed from neighboring works because of... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 04
The beginning of any soCial relationship is often ambiguous (Edelmann, 1985, p. 195). If a soCial interaction proves to be troublesome, conflict may occur. While conflict is an inevitable facet of life, it is not necessarily a negative phenomenon... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 03
On August 13, 2014, Youtube user CGPGrey posted Humans Need Not Apply, an informative video detailing the trajectory of automated technology and its implications on the job market and human employment. After describing the superhuman superiority... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 02
One often-admired trait of the federal courts is their apolitical nature. Judges that are appointed for lifetime tenure do not face the pressures that come with reelection and trying to please constituents. While this may be true, much of the judiCiary... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 02
Early in 2007, a junior senator with a thin legislative résumé but an inspiring background in community organizing approached a Facebook executive during the site’s period of exponential growth. That senator, later known as our... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 02
Much has been said in regards to Barack Obama’s revolutionary use of technology during both his 2008 and 2012 campaigns for President of the United States. Yet, during his administration, that groundbreaking tactic suddenly disappeared. In... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 12
First dates are soCial phenomena of sexual selection. Successful mating depends not only on assortative mating, but also on interpersonal and situational factors that lead to a positive result in pre-mating encounters. To examine the factors that... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 5 No. 2
This study examined the extent to which individuals used their self-concepts to determine brand preference. It was predicted that individuals would prefer brands with images congruent with their own self-image more than brands’ images inconsistent... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 5 No. 2
This paper explores the relationship between Christian leaders and Twitter. Twitter’s founding resulted in an outburst in the use of the soCial media platform. Christian leaders quickly caught on, and today they use Twitter for a number of... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 11
While international literacy results show Canada maintaining a strong standing, there have been declines in the results for both traditional and digital literacy in several provinces, including New Brunswick. A trial of authentic literacy activities... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 11
Expression through artwork, representation, and interpretation are significant aspects of our human experience and key elements of the discipline of Aesthetics. Rarely do these concepts integrate a soCial science perspective into their approach.... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 10
Tipping is a customary practice in the U.S., but many have questioned why customers are so willing to give money away to a server in the foodservice industry. Previous literature has explored factors that influence tipping behavior, such as soCial... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 10
In July 2012, Spain's unemployment rate was above 20%, its stock market was at its lowest point in a decade, and the government was borrowing at a rate of 7.6%. With domestic demand depleted and no sign of recovery in sight, President Mariano Rajoy... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 09
Up until the 19th century, China held a position as a great world power. However, for the last two hundred years the West has dominated the world technologically, economically, and politically. The point at which the West began its relative dominance... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 09
Since the attacks of September 11th, the Western world has labeled al-Qaeda and its leadership as suicidal and irrational terrorists hating the Western 'way of life'[2]. This justified the American "War on Terror" and led Margaret Thatcher to declare... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 06
UNAIDS reports the antenatal HIV prevalence rate—the prevalence of HIV in unborn children—to be approximately 38% in Swaziland, Africa (UNAIDS 2012), the highest rate in the world (Root 2010). Diagnosed through an HIV antibody test or... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 5 No. 1
This study interviewed journalists across the United States in 2013 to find out how online and mobile technologies have changed television journalism in the past decade and what new technologies and trends they expect in the future. Interviews with... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 5 No. 1
This paper examined the different Twitter strategies used by each of two NFL and NBA teams. The study examined the New York Jets, New York Giants, New York Knicks, and the Brooklyn Nets to analyze the tweets these organizations posted starting one... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 5 No. 1
Can Twitter be used in marketing an artist’s music during award shows? To answer this question, the author examined four artists at the 2013 MTV VMAs—Robin Thicke, Justin Timberlake, Drake, and Kanye West--who experienced a peak of references... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 04
Research on the impact of ethnic diversity on ‘soCial capital’ is relatively new in the field of political science (Stolle et al., 2008: 57). Reinvigorating a prominent and interesting debate among scholars, Robert Putnam awakened the... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 2013/2014 No. 1
The recent economic crisis roved to be immensely threatening to the economic equilibrium within the European Union (EU). Beginning in the United States, it then proved its "domino effect" by covering the EU, resulting in so-called 'finanCial stress... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 4 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
After years of economic downturn and recovery, the debate over stimulus packages and countercyclical policy continues globally. Proponents of such policies claim that the various stimulus packages and policy initiatives around the globe helped bring... Read Article »
2007, Vol. 2 No. 1
Published by Discussions
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has become an invaluable tool in understanding the relationship between brain and behavior. This technique has become particularly important in the study of human soCial cognition. The current study focuses... Read Article »
2007, Vol. 2 No. 1
Published by Discussions
Millman (1993) defines healthcare access as "the timely use of affordable personal health services to achieve the best possible health outcomes," implying that healthcare access involves only access to insurance, patient satisfaction with physiCians... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 3 No. 2
Since its introduction in the late 1800s, coupons have transformed drastically to appeal to the changing needs and behaviors of the common consumer. Although still existing, the classic paper coupon went digital with the introduction of the Internet... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 3 No. 2
Tiger Woods saw his reputation crumble as reports of infidelity leaked to the press in November of 2009. This research evaluated the crisis management strategies of Woods and his crisis management staff, as well as soCial media's role and reaction... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 3 No. 2
This research examined how people experiencing homelessness use the soCial media platforms of blogs, Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn. Through 15 interviews at a day shelter in a central North Carolina city, the author discovered that people experiencing... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 3 No. 2
Facebook fan pages allow a brand to create an online community of brand users through the soCial networking site. By pressing Facebook's "like" button, a Facebook user can become a fan of the page and can interact with the brand and other consumers... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 4 No. 2
This study examined the impact of the advancement in technology and convenience of soCial media on the study abroad experience. It tried to determine whether smartphones and their ability to remotely access the Internet on the go positively or negatively... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 8 No. 2
Published by Discussions
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention defines Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) as pervasive developmental disabilities in which individuals have language impairment, soCial impairment and stereotyped behaviors. At this time there are no required... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 8 No. 2
Published by Discussions
The current study discusses soCial support systems and the ways in which they impact persons diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study analyzes three different variables (race/ethnicity, gender, and trauma type) in a group... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 9 No. 2
Published by Discussions
According to recent statistics published by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2011, Hispanics in the United States tend to outlive non-Hispanic whites by almost three years. Specifically, the life expectancy at birth... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 4 No. 1
With soCial media recently evolving as a platform for soCial, informational, and political exchanges, it comes as no surprise that in the last few years several politiCians have integrated Twitter into their campaigns. The goal of this study was... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 09
AntisoCial personality disorder (ASPD), also known as dyssoCial personality disorder, is a mental illness that is characterized by a reckless disregard for soCial norms, impulsive behaviour, an inability to experience guilt, and a low tolerance... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 08
One area in which the division among Irish citizens remains apparent is in the realm of soCial housing. Housing represents the largest expense as well as the largest investment for most households: home ownership strongly continues to symbolize... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 06
Objectives: Identify the factors affecting quality of sleep, and assess the impact of low quality sleep on the daily activities of students. Materials and Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was done, using self-administered questionnaires... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 3 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
The continued application of the death penalty in the United States marks the country as an extreme outlier among its allies and like-minded nations in the 21st century. In order to explain America's retention of this criminal punishment, scholars... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 01
Since the United States Constitution was ratified in the late-18th century, the question of state judge selection has been an important topic in legal theory. Since 1976, it has been one of the most widely debated issues in law school journals throughout... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 12
This study asks the question of why minorities are so overrepresented among the homeless, with a focus on the United States and Europe in a comparative perspective. I combine Charles Tilly’s theoretical model on how to challenge durable inequality... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 08
Previous studies have shown a correlation between low self-esteem, loneliness, and soCial connectedness (McWhirter, 1997). These are factors that play a role in trust. Is there a specific correlation between trust and self-esteem? Connections have... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 08
This paper addresses the historical, current, and projected scope of wrongful convictions in the judiCial process of the United States. Herein, numerous research studies are reviewed in order to identify the trend  of this problem, determine... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 08
Experiments involving human subjects are increasingly utilized in criminal justice research. However, these studies present relatively unaddressed ethical concerns. This article examines the dark history of human experimentation on offenders and... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 1 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
This paper seeks to determine the impact the Zapatista Movement had on women's rights in Chiapas, Mexico. I hypothesized that the movement positively, but indirectly, impacted women's rights in Chiapas by causing increased awareness of the issues... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 05
New York’s 1827 mayoral election was the harbinger for a new era in politics. Tammany Hall—New York’s democratic political machine—suborned thousands of immigrants to vote for the pro-Tammany ticket. With cartloads of Irish... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 01
Throughout the ages, communication has impacted human interactions and relationships. The dawning of the digital age has changed communication, facilitating individual and group interaction in previously unimaginable ways. However, has such transformation... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 12
Compared to other empires throughout history, the USSR was an exception. The rulers of the Soviet Union viewed empire and imperialism in ideological terms as ‘the highest and final stage of capitalism’.[1] By this Leninist definition... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 5 No. 1
Wael Ghonim, a 30-year-old Egyptian who works as an executive for Google, enjoyed a house in the United Arab Emirates with a pool and a nice car. But when news of the Egyptian protests reached him in January 2011, he anonymously started a Facebook... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 5 No. 1
In the Hermit Kingdom, information is a cruCial resource. Its possession represents access to resource and weapons development techniques, but more importantly, information is what separates North Korean society from the rest of the world. Since... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 10
Shakespeare’s comedies, at first glance, seem to uniformly end on a positive note, with the fulfillment of desires, the overcoming of obstacles, and the victory over malevolent forces. In Twelfth Night and Measure for Measure, however, this... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 08
The function of caricature within the public sphere can be described as a subversive weapon.[1] It can be said that caricature as a subversive medium can function as an instigator of soCial, political and artistic change within a soCial framework... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 05
This paper entails a description of factors related to diagnosis and treatment of DissoCiative Identity Disorder. Epidemiology, including risk factors and sociocultural aspects of the disorder are presented, along with recommendations for treatment... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 04
Modernism first emerged in the early twentieth century, and by the 1920s, the prominent figures of the movement – Le Corbusier, Walter Gropius, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe - had established their reputations. However it was not until after... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 03
John Dewey was an ingenious and significant figure whose criticisms spanned a wide range of disciplines, including philosophy, education, politics, aesthetics, and ethics. The late American philosopher Richard Rorty, in Philosophy and the Mirror... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 02
Based on his own definition of the term in “Godzilla vs. Post-Colonial,” Thomas King has created a piece of assoCiational literature in his 1989 novel Medicine River. He has done so not only through his focus on daily, seemingly mundane... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 02
Early American society experienced moments of great change, politically, economically and soCially. With the signing of the Declaration of Independence, Americans shattered previous paradigms of political thought, providing the opportunity for a... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 2010/2011 No. 1
Amidst highly politicised coverage of Venezuela and the media’s obsession with its controversial leader, Hugo Chávez, it is clear that the current government is the most proactive of the progressive forces on the South American continent... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 01
Throughout Émile Durkheim’s SoCial Facts, he provides an account of what he deems to be the correct nature of soCial facts. This essay explores his account in order to assess its relation to both methodological holism and methodological... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 01
As children, we idolize the relationship of our parents. We watch their love and affection and assume that such relationships are easy to find−that love comes naturally. This naïveté is portrayed on the television sitcom &ldquo... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 12
In his seminal text, Leviathan, the philosopher Thomas Hobbes offers what was then a radically novel conception of the origins of civil government. Hobbes’ ideas of the commonwealth are predicated upon his views of human nature and the state... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 12
Vitamin D has long been considered important for bone health because it aids in the absorption of calcium into the bone tissue. However, emerging research indicates that vitamin D is critical for other body systems to function properly, greatly... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 12
"The 'logically ordered' society results in a loss of spirit and soul, with the absence of suffering, of twilight and mystery, of emotions and meaning. … If this ordering principle were a figure, …it would be some Clockwork Orange... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 11
Gifted learners, although possessing higher levels of intelligence than their peers, are disadvantaged in the sense that they frequently do not, or are not given the opportunity, to reach their full potential (Farmer, 1993). Krause, Bochner and... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 11
Increasingly, human interactions are being communicated by means of electronic, Internet-based medias. Readily available programs and websites facilitate easy transference of messages, thus rendering space and time irrelevant. The quick, efficient... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 4 No. 1
Supporters of “green-badgers”—the nickname given to contractors working inside the American intelligence community—argue that after 9/11 the United States needed a more flexible labor pool of intelligence professionals to... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 10
A nine-foot-tall, royal blue giant creeps low to the ground, brushing by exotic foliage. He holds a proportionally large bow and arrow in hand. In an instant he pauses, keeping entirely still, before loading an arrow into his weapon. He pulls back... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 10
The advent of digital computers and contemporary neuroscience has fundamentally changed possible approaches to artifiCial intelligence (AI). Mankind’s perpetually evolving technological capacity inevitably leads to faster processors, more... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 09
"And I'm the one who will not raise taxes. My opponent now says he'll raise them as a last resort, or a third resort. But when a politiCian talks like that, you know that's one resort he'll be checking into. My opponent, my opponent won't rule... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 06
The Internet is a necessity in Americans’ lives and something that many access often throughout the day. Over 80% of students use one or more soCial networks and more than half log in at least once a day (Peluchette, 2008). The Internet &ldquo... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 06
In his eight years as President, George W. Bush appointed two Supreme Court justices, 61 Appeals Court judges, and 261 Federal District Court judges. This article examines his appeals court nominations. Specifically it looks at eleven of the most... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 04
ConfuCianism was one of the dominant political philosophies of Imperial China. ConfuCianism’s influence declined throughout the 19th century coinciding with the end of the Qing Dynasty in 1911. Some Chinese intellectuals, like Lu Xun, attacked... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
“Human rights” is a concept so deeply intertwined into the modern discourse that it seems almost impossible to question it or refer to any standard beyond it. The problematic nature of this issue is not so much that people have different... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
The United Nations states that at its broadest, Corporate SoCial Responsibility (CSR) can be defined as the overall contribution of business to sustaina­ble development (UNDESA, 2007). That being said, unmonitored corporate soCial responsibility... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
Twitter. Facebook. Digg. MySpace. LinkedIn. The list of soCial media tools could probably run on for paragraphs, and today’s technology changes so rapidly that many industries, including corporations and news media, can barely keep up. In... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
It is estimated that in North America, alone, there are currently 251 million people who use the internet (Miniwats Marketing Group, 2009).  Individuals utilize the internet for many reasons, including information, soCial connections, and entertainment... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
Within the first ten minutes of Twilight of the Golds, it is clear that both Judaism and homosexuality play a role in the Gold family. The family is at least culturally Jewish, if not more, and the son David (Brendan Fraser), is portrayed to be... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
During his Inaugural Address, President Barack Obama resonated with the ideals of many Americans—prosperity, freedom, good will, faith, and determination. He spoke of the market as having "umatched" power, "to generate wealth and expand freedom... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
In the days of past, the clarion call and mission of the black church was two-fold: it served as a beacon of hope for the lost-soul seeking grace and mercy, but it also functioned as an oasis for all issues affecting the community. The black church... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 12
The prevalence of methamphetamine (ME) use among American Indians and Native Alaskans (AI/NAs) is strikingly high in comparison to other ethnic groups in the U.S. (Iritani, Dion Hallfors & Bauer, 2007). However, few datasets are available that... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
What is a cyclical history? Why does humanity seem doomed to repeat the same mistakes over and over again? Are we doomed to this machine called fate? What is a soul, and how do I express it? Predicting what futures may lay ahead for humanity if... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
Hurricanes will always be a way of life for many Texans. Young Texan schoolchildren learn about the Galveston Hurricane of 1900 in their classes; they hear their grandparents discuss Hurricane Carla. Every summer, a flurry of maps, supply lists,... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
My love for business began as I read Ayn Rand’s acclaimed novel, Atlas Shrugged, in the ninth grade. Packed with adventure, danger, and optimism about our country’s fundamental views on commerce, Atlas Shrugged instilled much of my... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
In Between Men: English Literature and Male HomosoCial Desire, Eve Sedgwick proposes the idea that not only women, but also men, can travel along a soCial spectrum that ranges from friends to lovers. However, she argues that the male homosoCial... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
The simultaneous allure and repulsion of Mexican machismo belies its ambiguous nature as an identifying characteristic of the nation itself and as a phenomenon that some claim is unique to Mexico and others say is endemic throughout patriarchal... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 3 No. 1
The global economy is currently experiencing the “most severe finanCial crisis since the Great Depression.” The ongoing crisis has battered global finanCial markets and has triggered a world-wide recession. Global stock market values... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 3 No. 1
Few would disagree that the most significant development at the G-20 meeting in Pittsburgh during September 24-25, 2009 was the formal acknowledgement of the changing of the guards. In the draft communiqué, President Barack Obama declared... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 3 No. 1
September 15th, 2008. Lehman Brothers files for bankruptcy. The Anglo- American model of finance collapses. This is a “Big Bang” for the global finanCial markets. The months following saw a rush to rebuild the premises of the finanCial... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 10
In 1688, King James II was overthrown by a group of Parliamentarians. This was the result of what is now known as the Glorious Revolution, or the Revolution of 1688. Naturalist and political philosopher John Locke was present to witness these events... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 2 No. 2
A number of reports have established a diagnosis of the finanCial crisis. The first was produced by the FinanCial Stability Forum, in April 2008 and was the basis for the preparation of the first G 20 meetings in 2008. The International Monetary... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 2 No. 2
Newspaper and Television commentaries in the United States and Europe abound with references to "outbursts of populism" in United States as a stereotypically American response to economic crisis.1 Their story lines trivialize historic Populism in... Read Article »
1999, Vol. 1998/1999 No. 2
In Issue 53 of Interstate, Peter Hand argued that the ‘Third Way’ was nothing but a well packaged combination of rhetoric and soundbites on the part of a government wholly obsessed by presentation.[1] Given the constraints of space... Read Article »
1997, Vol. 1996/1997 No. 2
E.H. Carr defined propaganda as “the specific means by which a state gained power over opinion.”(1) This definition includes overt methods such as political statements by leaders and publicly acknowledged media such as the BBC World... Read Article »

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