Ai  (tagged articles)

The keyword Ai is tagged in the following 170 articles.

2017, Vol. 9 No. 11
The period of time from the Bebop era to the present—mid-1940s onwards—has been an era of great cultural evolution in the United States, and in few groups more so than the African American community. A factor particularly significant... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 11
Regardless of which side of the Pacific individuals reside on, the idea of the government taking property and uprooting citizens tends to evoke a considerable amount of backlash. In examining the eminent domAin practices of the United States and... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 06
Basque nationalism is a movement that has encompassed myth, mystery, violence, and compromise, all of which have found their justification from the unique language, Euskera. The source of Euskera is uncertAin due to its non-Indo-European origin,... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 03
From the point of view of childhood, modern Western society shows many parallels to the Romantic Age. While the industrial economy caused rapid changes to the landscape and lives of children, forcing millions of them into labor, the informational... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 02
The ancient civilization of Ethiopia has captivated the West and served, across centuries, as an inspiration for much of Africa. As a regional power in Eastern Africa, the nation is a strategic pathway into the Horn of Africa and guiding force in... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 02
Given pervasive representations of its geostrategic and global economic significance, the Middle East constitutes an important area of political and academic study far beyond its geographical boundaries. A key debate underlying such research is... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 02
Pica is a condition that has been prevalent among humans for centuries. According to the DSM-V (2013) pica is classified as an eating disorder in which an individual consumes non-food substances at least once per month, at a developmental stage... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 12
Biochar is biomass that has been converted into charcoal through the pyrolysis process. Biochar is applied into soils for carbon sequestration or for improving soil fertility. The carbon bonds in biochar are very stable and do not break down easily... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 12
Huntington’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that affects around five people in every 100,000. It is caused by an increase in a polyglutamine region of the Huntingtin protein, resulting in a toxic gAin of function mutation... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 12
President Richard Nixon signed the Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act (MPRSA) in 1972 to both promote research in underwater ecosystems as well as nominate national marine protected areas (MPAs) as ‘National Marine Sanctuaries... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 10 No. 1
"One thing governments have got is legislation. Legislation has an impact. It affects millions of people in a country just by a stroke of a pen."  – Executive Director of UN Women, Dr. Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, "Gender and Violence... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 10 No. 1
Following the People's Republic of China's "Reform and Opening Up" (gAige kAifang) ushered in by Deng Xiaoping in 1978, China's participation in international organizations has dramatically increased.2 These organizations cover a range of issues... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 10 No. 1
We met Scott and Kerstin on different sides of the Atlantic. I met the former in Philadelphia on my way to a convenience store in the early hours of a busy morning when my work schedule benefited from a short coffee break. Håvard met Kerstin... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 6 No. 1
Sweden, a small country with almost 10 million inhabitants, is the world's most sustAinable country according to some reports that compare environmental, social, and governance components between nations. Sweden plays a significant role in the European... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 6 No. 1
Climate change and the myriad of challenges that come with it are a reality the entire world must face. However, for Canadian province, Alberta, the stakes are especially high. Oil and gas mining made up 18.3% of Alberta's GDP in 2015 and therefore... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 6 No. 1
Despite all the information we have regarding climate change and the potential perils of continuing on our path of consumption, people are slow to make the necessary changes. Our tendency to live habitually and the dampening effect continuous negative... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 10
This article contributes to the debate as to whether Cloud Nine by Caryl Churchill and M. Butterfly by David Henry Hwang are ultimately essentialist or anti-essentialist, accentuating or disavowing difference. It argues that both plays are successfully... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 10
An orthodox opinion within neurolinguistics is left hemispheric lateralization for language processing. The left hemisphere of the brAin is dominant for processing language, logic, critical thinking and reasoning (Gootjes et al. 1999; Hickok, Love... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 10
China and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) that leads it has historically limited itself in regards to projecting power and inserting itself into international disputes and affAirs. With the exception of its involvement in the Korean War, most... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 2015/2016 No. 3
When BritAin and France signed what became known as the ‘Entente Cordiale' in 1904, it brought into being an era of mutual cooperation between two neighbours whose past had often made them the best of enemies. The partnership served and survived... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 08
Often called the “prince of the humanists” Erasmus of Rotterdam (1466-1536) was one of the most influential European philosophers and theologians of the early modern period. However, today he is often overshadowed by his more radical... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 07
In this paper, I review the course of brAin development during childhood and adolescence and examine how early adverse experiences affect structural changes in the neural correlates of higher-order cognitive abilities. I also discuss the therapeutic... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 06
The occurrence of state fAilure is an important concern for Australia as it pertAins to the security and stability of the broader region (Ezrow & Frantz 2013, pp. 16-17). Rotberg (2003, p. 1) defines state fAilure as the result of internal violence... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 11 No. 2
Four decades after independence from Portugal, Angola remAins a country with significant barriers to good governance and social development. Although the state's constitution established a multiparty democracy in the early 1990s, measures of high... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 04
In May 1893, the gates to the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago officially opened to visitors. The event was a grand celebration, commemorating four hundred years since Christopher Columbus’ arrival in North America. Often referred... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 03
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the ingestion of sodium bicarbonate (SB) pre-exercise improved athletic performance during resistance trAining (RT) and reduced fatigue in male college students. SB has the efficacy to neutralize... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 02
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 called upon states to expand MedicAid, a subsidized health insurance program, for individuals making up to effectively 138 percent of the federal poverty line. The rapidly growing HIV-positive... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 2016 No. 1
Using Clayoquot Sound as a reference, the consequences clear-cut logging has on the coastal temperate rAinforest ecosystems was examined. Social and political outcomes from extensive protests in 1993, which opposed the destruction of the natural... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 2016 No. 1
This paper explores the differing effects that conventional and organic agriculture have on soil ecosystems. The findings are primarily based on a review of published literature found in journal articles and government reports. Conventional agriculture... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 2016 No. 1
This paper explores both the positive and negative externalities associated with nitrogen and phosphate-based fertilizer use. Using 57 scholarly journal articles, government reports, manuscripts, and news articles; a comprehensive review was made... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 2016 No. 1
This paper explores the role that ecosystems can have in the decision making framework for urban Air pollution mitigation in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The focus is on management planning of green roof implementation to mitigate the effects of urban... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 01
There is a longstanding territorial dispute raging in the South China Sea between China, the Philippines, Malaysia, TAiwan, Brunei, and Vietnam over several groups of islands called the Spratlys and Parcels. While most of the players involved are... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 5 No. 1
The number of species becoming extinct has drawn a significant deal of attention from scientists and non-scientists alike. This research reviews recent literature citing evidence for the impact humans have had on our planet and how our biological... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 9 No. 1
From the Ku Klux Klan's lynchings to al Qaeda's World Trade Center attacks, terrorist organizations have historically exploited fear and destruction to achieve their end goals. Attacking both a nation's government and population, terrorist organizations... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 9 No. 1
A faceless speaker cries out in a crowded square. Around him is an uneven cacophony produced by an undefined group of people. Fires crackle, smoke soars, and skies blacken. These masses rush frantically toward a new world order beckoning lustfully... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AiDS) has ravaged sub-Saharan Africa in the decades since its first recorded case. The disease has reached epidemic levels in many regions, with millions of new cases diagnosed each year. This paper examines... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 11
In the United States, Americans elect 50 governors, roughly a third of the U.S. Senate’s 100 members, all 435 members of the U.S. House of Representatives, and, every four years, a president. Together, these are the most high profile elections... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 09
Energy researchers have recently taken interest in the use of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) as a biofuel. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), which are known to increase plant acquisition of nutrients through a symbiotic relationship, may be used... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 5 No. 1
In 1973, an American archaeologist named Dr. William Rathje sought to create a method that would help his students understand the intricacies of archaeological fieldwork. Dr. Rathje recognized that his students at the University of Arizona were... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 5 No. 1
Alberta's resource power lies within the energy sector; in particular, the oil and gas industry. However, this same energy sector is contributing heavily to the destruction of the landscape and is contaminating the environment. This destructive... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 5 No. 1
After conducting a study in May of 2014 on nutrition communication in Ecuador and how it affects consumer behaviour, researchers identified a gap between the level of education obtAined by students and the knowledge of nutrition provided to them... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 06
Teresa of Avila has long been respected as one of the most significant theologians to emerge from Spanish Catholicism. Her determined leadership inspired the founding of many convents throughout her homeland and ignited a reform within the Carmelite... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 06
In his work The Idea of History, philosopher and historian Robin Collingwood outlines the development of historiography by leading his audience on a European cross-continental journey through time. He identifies the early modern period as a point... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 11 No. 2
Published by Discussions
The level of gender violence agAinst native women in the United States has reached epidemic proportions. Furthermore, the vast majority of Native American gender violence victims are abused at the hands of non-native men. Native American tribes... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 11 No. 2
Published by Discussions
With the advent of antiretroviral therapy, suppressing the HIV-1 virus and stopping the progression of the disease are now possible. Even with long-term antiretroviral therapy, HIV reservoirs remAin in individuals. These individuals experience an... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 03
Violence agAinst women has recently become well recognized as a violation of human rights that holds worldwide significance. Unfortunately, violence agAinst women outside of North America has gone largely unnoticed among the academic community and... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 03
Anti-semitism was a prevAiling cultural sentiment in Europe, particularly in Great BritAin, during the period when some of English literature's most celebrated figures, including Marlowe, Shakespeare, Donne, and Chaucer, penned their famous works... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 02
In 1972, The Equal Rights Amendment was first introduced to Congress to protect an individual’s irrefutable equality of rights under the law regardless of sex. Although it passed both houses and fAiled to secure the necessary votes for state... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 02
Philosophers have been grappling at what characterizes the manifestation of what we call “ideology” for some time now. Is it based in some written or spoken manifesto? Or is it much murkier than that— a frame for what we think... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 02
What is “revolution”? Can the MAidan movement in UkrAine, which led to the ousting of Viktor Yanukovych in February 2014, be called a revolution? If so, what are the implications of calling the MAidan movement a revolution? While a &... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 11 No. 1
Published by Discussions
Neurofeedback Therapy (NFT) is a type of biofeedback therapy specifically targeting the brAin and nervous system. According to the Mayo Clinic, biofeedback is defined as a technique one can use to learn to control the body’s functions, done... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 2014/2015 No. 1
Since first becoming public in March 2004,1 the case of the detAinee abuse at the Abu GhrAib Prison2 has gAined widespread interest and an important place in debates on the Iraq War. At the prison, systematic abuse of detAinees, described as &lsquo... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 2014/2015 No. 1
Politics is the result of interaction of different groups and communities, Aiming to ensure peaceful cohabitation of all actors. Due to this relationship between states, statements and actions by government officials, diplomatic officers or even... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 4 No. 1
In the case of Japan, which lacks any significant fossil fuel reserves (Gasparatos & Gadda, 2009, pp. 4038-4048) some alternative forms of energy production have been implemented. Japan has implemented alternative energy options such as nuclear... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 4 No. 1
What we see is partially dependent on what we are shown. As communicators, we have a duty to inform and educate and lead. As environmental communicators we have the privilege of explAining how the various parts of our natural world work, individually... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 12
Since 2004, the proliferation of marriage markets in China has made BAiFaXiangQin an attractive alternative for parents that are anxious and eager to help their single children find a suitable match for marriage. This paper discusses the possible... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 11
Since its publication in 1884, Mark TwAin’s Adventures of Huckleberry Finn has been construed to have numerous meanings, many of them controversial or unfounded, and the relationship of Huckleberry Finn and Jim in TwAin’s book has not... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 11
Phantom-limb pAin (PLP) is a frequent consequence of amputation which has been reported to affect up to 80% of patients who have suffered an extremity loss (Flor 2002: 182; Nikolajsen and Jensen 2001: 107). Cases of phantom-limb pAin have also been... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 8 No. 1
President Grimsson studied economics and political science at the University of Manchester, and in 1970, became the first person in Iceland to earn a PhD in political science. In 1973, he became a Professor of Political Science at the University... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 10
In July 2012, SpAin's unemployment rate was above 20%, its stock market was at its lowest point in a decade, and the government was borrowing at a rate of 7.6%. With domestic demand depleted and no sign of recovery in sight, President Mariano Rajoy... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 4 No. 1
This photographic documentary examines everyday activism through the lens of sustAinable construction. There are many misconceptions about the construction industry and its impact on the environment. Focusing on the Edmonton-based architectural... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 09
Autism is a complex neuro-developmental disorder causing deficits in social interaction and language development at an early age. The severity is based on the level of impAired social communication and restricted, repetitive behaviors. The average... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 06
Virginia Woolf’s To the Lighthouse is a novel of artists and within its pages appear two characters who are clearly labeled as such. One artist is Augustus Carmichael, the poet who spends his days reclining on the lawn. We are told that his... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 06
UNAiDS reports the antenatal HIV prevalence rate—the prevalence of HIV in unborn children—to be approximately 38% in Swaziland, Africa (UNAiDS 2012), the highest rate in the world (Root 2010). Diagnosed through an HIV antibody test or... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 05
Complex vertebral malformation (CVM) in Holstein calves is a recessive syndrome that is the result of a transversion mutation within the SLC35A3 gene (Thomsen et al. 2006). Though a simple point mutation, this transversion results in high embryonic... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 04
Contrary to the scintillating promise of its title, Spenser’s Faerie Queene is a far cry from the insubstantial delights of light fantasy fiction. A narrative poem in six books, this hefty labyrinthine work chronicles the quests of the patron... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 03
The creation of western-style government institutions has been unsuccessful in Somalia. This is a direct result of colonial administrations not laying the proper foundation for western government institutions to achieve legitimacy in a culture of... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 03
Whether real or symbolic, the family and the relationships within family units are a frequent theme in Mark TwAin’s classic Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Because there are many parallels between the characters and events within Huck Finn... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 3 No. 1
Regardless of the fact that we have long been warned of the negative impact of industrial farming, rural communities are being wiped out as local producers, like Riverbend Gardens, are put at risk in favour of urban expansion. The industrial food... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 3 No. 1
The Air travel industry is changing. The needs of the environment are being considered and research into ways of improving the industry is being explored. This paper explores the current climate in the commercial Airline industry, paying special... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 3 No. 1
Plastic is a ubiquitous part of our everyday lives. Popular for its versatility, it can be attributed to the creation of the numerous conveniences we enjoy in contemporary society. However, traditional plastic does not break down and thus has also... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 3 No. 1
As a researcher and advocate of the mountAin gorilla, Dian Fossey dedicated her life and career to understanding, protecting, and assisting the mountAin gorilla by bringing awareness to the complexity of this animal and to the habitat needs required... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 3 No. 1
Malaysia's 13th General Elections were hopes of many to be the turning point of change, breaking Barisan Nasional's (BN or National Front) 56 years of governance. BN in recent years had been plagued with allegations of corruption and cronyism. Land... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 3 No. 1
In his 2011 book, Eco-Innovators: SustAinability in Atlantic Canada, environmental journalist Chris Benjamin provides a new kind of roadmap to a more sustAinable future. In this work, Chris masterfully weaves the stories of 35 creative and dedicated... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 2013/2014 No. 1
The concept of food security is dynamic; it has been changing to incorporate new ideas over the years since it was established. In this piece, I will argue that if cultural acceptability is to be added as a tenant of food security then so must sustAinability... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 4 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
This paper identifies and provides an initial analysis of the problem of mismatched theories in peacebuilding programs. This problem occurs when a project is developed by a group that subscribes to one theory of peacebuilding, but is then executed... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 10 No. 1
Published by Discussions
In order to determine the current state of the industrial food system, both a quantitative survey and a qualitative interview were conducted and administered to various food corporations in the United States. These surveys assessed the corporations... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 10 No. 1
Published by Discussions
South Korea's rapid urbanization began in the 1950s and greatly increased the urban population as well as the country's economy. However, the development has been highly damaging to the environment surrounding high-density metropolitan areas such... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 3 No. 2
Since its introduction in the late 1800s, coupons have transformed drastically to appeal to the changing needs and behaviors of the common consumer. Although still existing, the classic paper coupon went digital with the introduction of the Internet... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 3 No. 2
As childhood obesity rates in the United States continue to rise, health professionals and pro-health advocates are looking to utilize interactive media tactics for childhood obesity prevention. This study analyzed the viewpoints of interactive... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 10
In 1487, Laura Cereta wrote a letter in which she rAiled agAinst women who “strive by means of exquisite artistry to seem more beautiful that the Author of their beauty decreed.” Cereta represents a voice uncommon among women of her... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 08
Patience, the third poem in Cotton Nero A.x., tells the story of the Old Testament prophet Jonah, placing the narrative within the context of the virtue “pacience” (ll. 1, 531). This, however, is the crux: how much of Patience is simple... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 3 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
Given the importance of the global defense trade to geopolitics, the global economy, and international relations at large, this paper examines the political economy of the U.S. defense industry. The goal of this study is to determine the extent... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 6 No. 2
For all the border-transcending, common cause implications of the popular moniker "the Arab Spring," the sociopolitical upheaval it is meant to allude to seems, upon superficial review of its developing impacts, to have largely missed the Persian... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 2 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
The research completed Aimed to show that the idea of fAir trade, using the example of goals for the chocolate industry of the Ivory Coast, can be described as an example of the economic ideal which Karl Marx imagined. By comparing specific topics... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 09
Throughout the past decade, The DAily Show with Jon Stewart has expanded its depth of analysis and impacted the political process and national discourse in multiple ways. It has established itself as a source of legitimate critical examination of... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 08
Nelson Mandela once sAid, "You can never have an impact on society if you have not changed yourself." This quote is particularly applicable to the field of energy, and the transition from an unsustAinable fossil fuel consuming world, to one based... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 08
By retracing shifts in the meaning, usage, and perception of the doctrine of ‘Soviet contAinment’, this article provides a balanced account of the extent to which US Cold War interventions were in fact driven by such a Grand Strategy... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 07
The Song of Songs is a unique book in the Bible. There is no plot and no mention of God, but the piece says a lot about early Hebrew traditions surrounding marriage and love, using elaborate descriptions and complex relationships. The overall message... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 1 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
In response to a growing acknowledgement of the fAilure of international Aid, one school of scholars has identified a lack of Aid as the defining crisis in development. From their perspective, Aid has fAiled in driving change not due to inherent... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 1 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
This paper examines explanations for the current HIV/AiDS epidemic in the Deep South United States. The first set of explanations is categorized as social determinants of health and includes social and economic factors that influence public health... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 05
The issue of sovereignty lies at the very heart of international aviation because all aviation relations are built upon it. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the spectacular evolution of the concept of sovereignty in the Air by adopting a... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 04
On the surface, The Awakening, by Kate Chopin, and The Jungle, by Upton SinclAir do not have anything in common. The Awakening features Edna, a bored housewife who flouts the rules of society. The Jungle features Jurgis, a poor Lithuanian immigrant... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 02
The very first Air traffic controller was Archie League at SAint Louis Airport in Missouri. His control tower was a wheelbarrow with an umbrella for shade during the summer heat, a notepad and flags. He was instructing the pilot to proceed by rAising... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 01
The punk-rock movement or youth subculture of late seventies BritAin was and is, even today, the cause of much controversy. It has often been accepted that the political orientation of the movement and its outcomes are decidedly located on the left... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 01
Suburban housing is the backbone of an unsustAinable living pattern. Long commutes to work and long drives for groceries, other supplies, and recreational activities increase America’s need for expensive fossil fuels. The isolated nature of... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 5 No. 1
The US has increasingly turned to using the military to administer humanitarian Aid in recent years. This process has come under attack from many academics and foreign officials. Using action in Colombia from 1999 to present as a case study, this... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 10
On November 21, 1945, Robert H. Jackson, the Chief Prosecutor for the United States of America opened the prosecution’s case agAinst German defendants in Nuremberg, Germany. The war in Europe had ended only six months earlier, many of the... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 09
Of the European Union’s twenty-seven member states, no country is more sceptical of political and economic integration than Great BritAin. The English are profoundly independent and inherently suspicious of their continental neighbours; an... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 08
Development is closely linked to the idea of progress. Therefore the way in which progress is quantified, whether through economic, social or spiritual values, determines the way in which we conceptualize development (Power 2005). Religious beliefs... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 07
Perhaps for no group of people were ‘the dark ages’ so aptly named as for the Jews. Over the span of one thousand years life changed wildly for the Jewish people and not in a positive way. At the start of the 5th Century the future looked... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 06
The objective of this paper is to propose a novel multi-input power converter for the grid-connected hybrid renewable energy system in order to simplify the power system and reduce the cost. The proposed multi-input power converter consists of a... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 06
Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest and Henry James' DAisy Miller seemingly differ greatly in style. The forms--play and nouvelle--are of course different. Earnest is 'one of the great comedies in the English language' (Cave 419). DAisy... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 04
In the Broadview Press edition of Sir GawAin and the Green Knight, editor and translator James Winny makes a concerted effort to render the original Middle English text in denotatively correct, non-alliterative modern English. In doing so, he fAils... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 03
"BritAin can take"[1] it refers to a film produced by the Ministry of Information in 1940, which had been originally titled “London can take it”[2] and produced for the American public. The film portrays a rather happy go lucky picture... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 02
The activity of feral ungulates such as pigs, goats, and deer has resulted in extensive biodiversity loss in HawAii. These animals were introduced by the Polynesians as domesticated livestock, and now play a destructive role in the local ecosystem... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 02
Reading Greek plays provides valuable insight into the relationships between gods and humans. While both gods and humans have fAirly similar personalities Greek gods have a certAin amount of power that, given motivation from an arrogant mortal,... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 02
Prophecy is one of the most important institutions in the Hebrew Bible. The prophet is regarded as the voice of the Lord, bringing God’s will and commandments to the people who often forget to follow the rigors of the Law. The prophets have... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 02
Andrei Rublev (c. 1360-1430) is a mysterious figure, whose biography is not well known, although he is historically considered the best-known pAinter of Russian icons and frescoes. Early in his life he joined the Trinity-Sergei Lavra Monastery,... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 01
Dealing with the issue of healthcare is no small challenge for any country, either rich or poor. For Ethipoia, health issues represent a major challenge. Tuberculosis, malaria, mental illnesses, and especially HIV/AiDS are health issues with which... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 01
Throughout the course of the second half of the 20th century, it is undeniable that the organizational structures and methods employed by political parties have changed: one hypothesized change, publicized by Katz and MAir, is the evolution of parties... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 01
Youth without Age and Life without Death and Where there is No Death present the theme of time in opposite ways: while in Youth without Age and Life without Death man cannot live outside history and linear time without missing it and meeting his... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 01
Fitcher’s Bird, by the Brothers Grimm, and Margaret Atwood’s Bluebeard’s Egg present the theme of a woman’s identity through her marriage in different ways: while the woman in Fitcher’s Bird retAins her identity through... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 01
Madame de Beaumont's Beauty and the Beast and Angela Carter's The Tiger's Bride delve into the nature of men and women and the relationships between them by exploring and analyzing the motifs of wildness and civilization. Thus, women are presented... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 4 No. 1
This analysis of U.S.-China relations was motivated by what I perceived to be misplaced "controversy" over Obama's China visit in autumn 2009 and his subsequent policy initiatives, which despite all of the public scorn are really no different from... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 4 No. 1
The initial 100 days of Viktor Yanukovych’s presidency appeared to be a complete departure from the Yushchenko presidency. While publicly reiterating his commitment to integration with the European Union and supporting transparency, freedom... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 10
The search for competitive advantage is an ongoing quest for companies in the United States. As new technologies continue to develop at a lightning fast rate, and efficiencies are gAined in all areas of production, one relatively new endeavor is... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 10
The advent of digital computers and contemporary neuroscience has fundamentally changed possible approaches to artificial intelligence (Ai). Mankind’s perpetually evolving technological capacity inevitably leads to faster processors, more... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 09
In his article “BrAin Bisection and the Unity of Consciousness,” Thomas Nagel suggests that the ordinary conception of a unified mind is misled. To support his clAim, he turns to data concerning patients whose corpus callosum has been... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 09
The role of women in ancient Japan elicits inconsistencies due to different influences that were integrated at various time periods. The primary influence that contributed to these inconsistencies was religion. Integration of the two major religions... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 07
The introduction of Christianity to England in 597 established a structured, uniform fAith among a people accustomed to different branches and pockets of polytheistic paganism. Over the next seventy-five years, the burgeoning country quickly grew... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 07
The Establishment Clause is an important element of the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. It states that “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof…” However... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 06
In 2005, during a period of heightened tensions between China and TAiwan and with the United States deeply embroiled in two major wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the leading authority on East Asian security within the National Security Council nevertheless... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 05
In this chapter, we will be observing the extent to which our 43rd President upheld his 2000 campAign promise to be a compassionate conservative. When observing George W. Bush’s “compassionate conservatism,” I will be constrAining... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 05
The position of Jewish and Christian peoples under the Ottoman Empire is an issue that continues to be disputed today, almost a century after the official end of the Empire itself. Religious association typically determined status in the predominantly... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 04
Throughout history, there have been several ways in which people perceive Tibet. Since it has traditionally been isolated from the world, culturally and geographically, the mystery it provokes has shaped most people’s beliefs into viewing... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 04
“I came here to say that I do not recognize anyone’s right to one minute of my life. No matter who makes the clAim, how large their number or how great their need” (Rand 684). So states Howard Roark, protagonist of Ayn Rand&rsquo... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 3 No. 2
Even before his inauguration, President Barack Obama made it clear that he believed torture was morally reprehensible and promised that under his administration the U.S. would no longer practice torture.1 Accordingly, on April 16th, 2009 Mr. Obama... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 3 No. 2
Human trafficking is a global issue that is only recently being recognized with global action. The United Nations' Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (UNTIP), the first global initiative... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 04
The world's largest menorah is not in Jerusalem, Lakewood or even in Crown Heights; it can be found in the town square of  Birobidjan, the capital city of the eponymous Jewish Autonomous Oblast of the Soviet Union. The menorah is 21 meters... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
Despite critics’ assumption that WALL-E centers its plot upon an anti-pollution/sustAinability theme, the writer Andrew Stanton never intended his movie to contAin an environmental message. Instead, what he intended to do was create a movie... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
With over 20% of United States power production being of a nuclear nature, and all of this nuclear production generating high-level nuclear waste, the US has already accumulated large quantities of volatile nuclear waste and will only have more... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
The Musée du QuAi Branly opened under the long shadow of the Eiffel Tower in 2006 to spectacular criticism. Initiated primarily at the behest of then-President Jacques Chirac (b. 1932, held office from 1995-2007), the museum possesses an... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
Bohumil Hrabal was born in 1915, and lived through some of the most tumultuous years of Czech history. Hrabal grew up in the time of the First Republic, when literature moved away from nationalism to a more aesthetic view. In this frame, Hrabal... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
Mitochondria are eukaryotic, membrane-enclosed, 1-10um sized organelles, described as “cellular power plants” as they are responsible for the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and oxidative phosporylation. Signal transduction... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
"Western civilization was feeling the need for a reassessment, a redefinition of some of its basic principles regarding the nature of man, his place and function in creation, his social organization and responsibilities, his proper conduct in all... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
In “Amor de lejos: Latino (Im)migration Literatures,” B.V. Olguin writes, “Latino/a (im)migration narratives…often illustrate the traumatic aspects of displacement by focusing in part on how immigration, migration, exile... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
Within the first ten minutes of Twilight of the Golds, it is clear that both JudAism and homosexuality play a role in the Gold family. The family is at least culturally Jewish, if not more, and the son David (Brendan Fraser), is portrayed to be... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
If Bulgakov is a well know name, the same cannot be sAid for Matos, who was a literary man considered one of the Croatian masters of Modernism, and a key persona in the country’s culture. He was not only a writer, but also a poet, a journalist... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
As the nation’s largest health insurance program, MedicAid plays a huge role in the current health care reform debate. The program serves over 50 million people and has total outlays equaling over $280 billion[i]. MedicAid is much more than... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
World War I was a brutal conflict that shattered countries, redefined warfare with its bloody massacres, and left a generation with only the memories of the horrors they had seen. The trench warfare of the battlefield tore young Englishmen apart... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 01
In William Shakespeare’s Much Ado About Nothing, all of the mAin characters experience and participate in some form of deceit designed to dupe another character.  However, among the societal members of Messina, Don John particularly stands... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 01
If you happen to check in to the Grand Hyatt San Francisco on a windy day, you’ll receive a friendly note at the front desk advising you that the 35-story skyscraper may creak a bit as it moves gently back and forth in the wind. Though the... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 01
When the United States purchased Alaska from the Russian Empire in 1867, it did not simply grow by 663,000 square miles; it also accepted responsibility for the people living within its new borders. But America has not fulfilled its responsibilities... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 01
It is tempting to classify literary, cinematic, and historical characters into groups. The trouble, of course, is that such labels can be misleading at best, and severely subjective and variable. When using terms such as hero, villAin, anti-hero... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 01
As the world's first real Marxist experiment, the Soviet Union, by virtue of lasting seventy odd years, proved Western intelligentsia wrong. The latter had long thought it was doomed to fAil. When the Berlin Wall fell in 1989 and the Soviet Union... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 01
In 1994 South Africa's regime of apartheid, under which the black majority was suppressed and discriminated agAinst by the white minority, came to an end.1The African National Congress (ANC) won the first free elections in the same year, and the... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 12
The French historian Jean de Joinville was born into a noble and influential family in Champagne in 1224.[1] He took the cross in 1248 to join the first crusade of Louis IX. His decision to go on crusade was at least in part influenced by the long... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 12
In Book II of “The House of Fame,” the narrator states that his dream is of greater significance than the biblical visions of “Isaye,…kyng Nabugodonosor, [and] Pharoa” (514-5). Beginning with line 480, “The House... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 12
In Robert Frost’s “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening,” the motive behind the narrator’s “stopping” has long been debated (3). On one side, some argue that the narrator is simply looking over the scenery. On... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
The wonder of opening a book feels very similar to the experience of opening a wardrobe door and finding oneself in another world.  Stories told to children as they prepare for bed act also as vehicles for transportation of imagination, and... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
It is no secret that China today faces serious environmental challenges. The combination of a rapidly growing population and a lack of viable communication between the state and local communities have produced a  difficult situation. Many argue... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
Mortal glory is fleeting. The Old Testament generally does not concern itself with militant triumph or climactic discovery. It much rather prefers to employ “legends, folktales, artfully constructed stories, and the like”[1] to spin... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
A character in Toni Morrison's Beloved whose crucial importance to both the plot and thematic intent of the book is Stamp PAid. He is a character with limited space devoted to him, but whose every action is a catalyst for the book as a whole. He... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
Post-modern art is permeated by Absurdism. The Post-World War II Absurdist movement centered on the idea that life is irrational, illogical, incongruous, and without reason (Esslin xix). The ‘Theater of the Absurd’, named by theater... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 10
Since 2000, the United States (U.S.) has devoted approximately 4.7 billion dollars in foreign Aid to Colombia (Isacson 2006:1) with the dual Aims of resolving Colombia’s internal conflict and of curbing the country’s role in the international... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 10
Janet Malcolm opens her book, The Journalist and the Murderer,[1] with a stringent criticism of journalistic practice: "Every journalist who is not too stupid or too full of himself to notice what is going on knows that what he does is morally indefensible... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 10
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) originated in Africa. According to current estimates, the disease first infected humans in the 1930s, spreading outward in its formative years to the world beyond.6:1 It was nevertheless not until 1983 that... Read Article »
2008, Vol. 1 No. 2
HAiti has earned the dubious distinction of being one of the poorest nations, on a per capita basis, in the world. Even the country’s relatively recent transition from authoritarianism to democratic rule was not enough to spark liberal-market... Read Article »
2007, Vol. 1 No. 1
These four nations showcase the state of Islamism as a political force in the Middle East. Because of differing political circumstances in each state, the impact and viability of following Muslim law varies. In order to best explAin why this is... Read Article »
2000, Vol. 1999/2000 No. 1
Tony BlAir has long been committed to the abolition of hereditary peers; the 1997 Labour Party Manifesto promised that this would happen. Labour knew that reform would be difficult and would upset many people of influence, so they took their time... Read Article »
2000, Vol. 1999/2000 No. 1
John Major slipped swiftly from public view after 2 May 1997 as the media and public turned their collective attention to Tony BlAir and his New Labour government. Despite the crushing defeat of the Conservatives in 1997, and the continued press... Read Article »
2000, Vol. 1999/2000 No. 1
At 7.30 am, Glenda Jackson breezed past Euston station. In New Labour fashion she was purposeful but unhurried, radiating a ‘trust me with your future’ manner: truly one of the people, just another commuter. The entrance steps of... Read Article »
1999, Vol. 1998/1999 No. 1
On the 14th of October 1998, Mr. Ted Rowlands, Labour MP for Merthyr Tydfil and Rhynmey, gave a brief talk on the Foreign AffAirs Select Committee of which he is a member and took questions from students and staff of the International Politics... Read Article »
1999, Vol. 1998/1999 No. 1
With the election of Tony BlAir to Downing Street in May 1997, there was indeed a great deal of anticipation as to what exactly this ‘New’ Labour government would do to put some life back into BritAin. Ever since the jubilation&rsquo... Read Article »
1999, Vol. 1998/1999 No. 2
It has been nearly two years since the momentous 1997 general election, and we have had a sizeable amount of time to evaluate the new Labour government. Many comparisons have been made between Tony BlAir’s government and the government... Read Article »
1999, Vol. 1998/1999 No. 2
The Christmas of 1998 will be seen by political pundits in years to come as the first crisis to assAil the ‘New Labour’ government of Tony BlAir. I myself, remember sitting at home, having just returned from a short walk with the... Read Article »
1999, Vol. 1998/1999 No. 2
In Issue 53 of Interstate, Peter Hand argued that the ‘Third Way’ was nothing but a well packaged combination of rhetoric and soundbites on the part of a government wholly obsessed by presentation.[1] Given the constrAints of space... Read Article »
1999, Vol. 1998/1999 No. 2
It cannot have escaped any layman’s notice that the United Kingdom will very soon cease to mean anything to anybody at all, if it does indeed mean anything to anybody at the moment. Nationalism and devolution have ripped the soft underbelly... Read Article »
1997, Vol. 1996/1997 No. 2
A mother makes aprons and children’s clothes and sells them in a local market. She needs money to buy materials and thread. A rickshaw driver can increase his earnings with a small motorized rickshaw, but needs the money to buy it. A coffee... Read Article »

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