Rap  (tagged articles)

The keyword Rap is tagged in the following 67 articles.

2017, Vol. 9 No. 10
This article provides a brief historical overview of the development of mental health services in Australia. It commences with the establishment of the first public asylum, Bethlem Royal Hospital, London, in 1247, the arrival of the First Fleet... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 08
The Ras/Raf pathway is a crucial cell signaling pathway utilized by eukaryotic cells for growth and proliferation, and it is highly conserved amongst all eukaryotic organisms. Mutations in this pathway lead to uncontrolled growth and proliferation... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 05
This paper examines two influential slave uprisings and the treatment these received by both the abolitionist movement and the press. The first section explores the country’s reaction to John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry, as... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 05
Music has accompanied major social events throughout the history of mankind. Major gatherings such as weddings, graduations, or birthdays are usually recognized by a familiar tune. There is evidence that music plays a large role in emotional processes... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 03
The 2015 photo series “Removed,” shot by Eric Pickersgill, contains twenty-eight black and white photogRaphs showing different individuals of all ages staged in various settings looking down at their palms as if scrolling through their... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 01
While the overall focus of most scholarships related to the 32-month War of 1812 concentrates on the war’s political and military history, it is also imperative to examine how scholars and historians framed its economic contexts. In particular... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 11
The controversy surrounding the origins of the Nazi-Soviet War in 1941, namely over the issue of whether or not Stalin intended to launch an offensive against Nazi Germany that year, has produced a contentious debate between revisionist (i.e. those... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 10
People love a good story. A good story can be intriguingly informative, a good story can well up deep emotions and a good story can carry culture, history and tradition. It was through storytelling that many ancient cultures preserved and passed... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 10
This case study examines the effects of an EFL teacher’s autobiogRaphical story on 26 Spanish primary students in terms of comprehension, raising interest, engagement, motivation and willingness to communicate in L2, by comparing it to a story... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 10
The catastrophic demise of the Oscan-Roman city of Pompeii in 79 A.D. left its mark on our collective psyche. Its remains have long been a staple of archaeology and ancient history curricula while its demise is described in countless books and has... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 09
This paper examines the limited research conducted on telephone scatologia. Research was found through mining key search terms, such as “telephone scatologia” on Google Scholar. Research shows offenders of telephone scatologia tend to... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 08
Many patients experience increased anxiety prior to invasive medical procedures. This anxiety can lead to elevated heart rate and blood pressure as well as increased circulation of the adrenocorticotropic hormones, which can prolong patient recovery... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 06
The present study explores the portrayal of women in ancient Greek literature within the context of warfare. More specifically, this work focuses on Classical Period Greek literature, particularly between 450 and 350 BCE, written by Athenian men... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 06
In his work The Idea of History, philosopher and historian Robin Collingwood outlines the development of historiogRaphy by leading his audience on a European cross-continental journey through time. He identifies the early modern period as a point... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 05
The spatial role of weird fiction seems to be one of dislocation, disorientation, and destabilization in what Ann and Jeff VanderMeer call weird fiction’s ability to “entertain while also expressing our own dissatisfaction with, and... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 11 No. 2
Published by Discussions
The increasing level of obesity in the general population of industrialized nations is a major public health concern. While obesity increases morbidity and mortality, increasing body habitus also impacts the utilization and analysis of medical imaging... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 11 No. 2
Published by Discussions
With the advent of antiretroviral theRapy, suppressing the HIV-1 virus and stopping the progression of the disease are now possible. Even with long-term antiretroviral theRapy, HIV reservoirs remain in individuals. These individuals experience an... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 04
Child pornogRaphy laws are primarily drawn from the "Protection of Children Against Sexual Exploitation Act" of 1977. This act targets persons who “transport, ship, receive, distribute, or reproduce child pornogRaphy” but precludes minors... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 03
Before the ethnogRapher can enter the field of research, indeed, before the researcher can interpret data from the field, he or she must first be aware of how knowledge and meaning are made. The epistemological lens the ethnogRapher uses will have... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 02
Bulimia nervosa represents a significant source of morbidity among young women. This review compares cognitive-behavioral theRapy (CBT) and interpersonal psychotheRapy (IPT) for the treatment of bulimia nervosa in young women. CBT has been established... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 11 No. 1
Published by Discussions
Neurofeedback TheRapy (NFT) is a type of biofeedback theRapy specifically targeting the brain and nervous system. According to the Mayo Clinic, biofeedback is defined as a technique one can use to learn to control the body’s functions, done... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 12
Spiritual autobiogRaphies have a long and rich history as a form of memoir, beginning at about 397AD with the release of Saint Augustine’s Confessions. Since this time, many spiritual works have evolved out of this tradition and are still... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 5 No. 2
As web-based technologies continue to advance, marketers and advertisers are pairing up traditional advertising with new web-based techniques to create innovative ways to communicate messages. This study analyzed Interactive GRaphic Novels (IGNs... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 11
In recent years the memoir has come to the forefront of American literature as a popular form for both writers and readers. The best seller list is often clogged with memoirs, or, at least, books that claim to be memoirs. Despite the nagging question... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 10
David Eggers’ What is the What is a memoir about the life of Valentino Achak Deng and his personal experience with warfare, famine, and disease in his home country of Sudan and the neighboring countries he travels through as a refugee. Eggers... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 4 No. 1
Rachel Carson was instrumental in changing the way the world viewed conservation. Her initial written works demonstrated the idea that humans were not the center of the earth’s ecosystems by describing the environment from the viewpoint of... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 09
Gene theRapy has ceased to be a futuristic dream and instead become a treatment for the present. Somatic cells can be treated with gene replacements or gene fragments to express required proteins and whilst gene theRapy was originally aimed at inherited... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 08
GRaphic novels have become increasingly popular in the classroom as a means to engage English language learners (ELL) in new ways (Christensen, 2007). The accessible and diverse content of gRaphic novels can inspire critical discussions by encouraging... Read Article »
2007, Vol. 2 No. 1
Published by Discussions
GRaphite is an important material in a number of specialized industrial applications due to its high thermal conductivity and resistance to thermal shock. Common applications include use as an electrode in electro discharge machining and as a mold... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 4 No. 1
Using a qualitative content analysis and online survey, this research examined how college students perceive and respond to the portrayal of women when exposed to misogynistic lyrics. Based on cultivation theory, this study analyzed the lyrical... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 09
The purpose of this experiment is to determine the susceptibility of propionibacterium acnes to photodynamic theRapy (PDT). Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is the leading cause of acne vulgaris—a chronic inflammatory skin disorder that... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 09
Listening to music for relaxation is common among students to counter the effects of stress or anxiety while completing difficult academic tasks. Some studies supporting this technique have shown that background music promotes cognitive performance... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 08
There is ample evidence of sexual relations, from Rapes to what appear to be relatively symbiotic romantic partnerships, between white slave masters and black women in the Antebellum South. Much rarer were sexual relations between white women and... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 06
In the penultimate scene of Fritz Lang’s M (1931), mentally-disturbed child murderer Hans Beckert (Peter Lorre) falls to his knees before a kangaroo court and cries out, “I have to roam the streets endlessly, always sensing that someone... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 04
This paper examines historical and contemporary instances wherein sexual violence, specifically Rape, was used as a strategic weapon amid both traditional and tribal conflict, as well as in genocidal operations. It analyzes the cogency of sexual... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 10
Unique challenges are present in theRapy when working with mentally ill offenders in a correctional setting. In order to encourage effective theRapeutic change, hurdles such as strong resistance to theRapy by inmates, complex etiologies of illness... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 08
The voice is perhaps one of the most important functions of the human body, as it permits individuals to speak their thoughts and opinions and communicate with others. Misuse of the voice, however, can lead to devastating effects, including hoarseness... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 07
The past decades have seen significant expansion in the markets for commercial tourism, offering high-cost accommodation, luxury services, and resort getaways for the Western consumer. In the context of high expenditure-and-profit tourism, forms... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 07
Equivalent parts biogRaphical and theoretical, this paper provides a discussion of the main historical events and contributions of Viktor Frankl. Frankl's intellectual development began with a brief immersion in Freud and Alder’s teachings... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 05
Starting from humble roots, hip-hop has grown from the creative outlet of underrepresented black teenagers living in the South Bronx in the late 1970s to a highly successful commercialized business that in 2000 grossed over $1.8 billion in sales... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 05
For many Americans, the date September 11, 2001 carries more weight than any other date in our nation’s history. It marks the beginning of a Rapid sea change in American politics, and the start of a series of wars in foreign countries that... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 5 No. 2
"I Rape because of the need. After that I feel like a man." These are the words of a rebel soldier who ruthlessly roams the forests of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in search of his next victims. Rape has been used in the past during warfare... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 11
Gestalt theRapy is an empowering and germane framework for psychotheRapy. It is uplifting for both practitioners and patients. Its objective is to bring about new awareness so that transition and problem-solving is possible. Clients are immediately... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 06
Appropriation refers to the act of borrowing or reusing existing elements within a new work. Post-modern appropriation artists, including Barbara Kruger, are keen to deny the notion of ‘originality’.[2] They believe that in borrowing... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 06
The 18th century was one in which exaltation of wit and reason came to the forefront of literature in the form of both Horatian and Juvenalian satires, which, through keen observation and sharp nimbleness of thought, exposed the superficial follies... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 06
The purpose of this qualitative research study is to report semi-structured interview narratives from sixteen parents who had given birth immersed in water and posted their live birth videos on YouTube.com. This report introduces the concept of... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 02
Previous research suggests that culture influences our autobiogRaphical memories. This study sought to determine if the collectivism/individualism dimension of culture influences the process of imagination inflation. Forty college students were... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 01
When starting on an autobiogRaphy, the author must ask themselves how they will choose to deal with the aspect of time in their work. Will they choose to follow the events of their life lineally or in a stream of consciousness recall? This contemplation... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 12
Eating disorders continue to increase in prevalence among adolescents, young men and women, as well as older adults, affecting nearly 5 million Americans each year (Reiss, 2002). Specifically, 1.1-4.2% of teenage girls will develop Bulimia Nervosa... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 11
Historically, female models in photogRaphic art have depicted an ideological construction of the female body which women, regardless of stature, ethnicity or class, must conform to. John Berger (1972, p. 46) notes that ‘to be born a woman... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 10
Is not consistent in maintaining distinctions between often confused words. Maintains distinctions for these often confused words: alright/all right, disinterested/uninterested, affect/effect, but not for these: anxious/eager, nauseous/nauseated... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 10
Remarks in the introductory material indicate that the philosophy of the work is prescriptive. For example, in the introductory article “On Usage, Purism, and Pedantry,” Follett says, “Skill in expression consists in nothing else... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 09
The Holocaust created a new type of person en masse: survivors. Those who survived were forced to cope with a first-hand encounter with the human capacity for evil. For the Holocaust survivor, the struggle to live continued long after liberation... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 04
The processes by which the human brain creates, stores, and uses memories are very complex and have been the topics of many research experiments in psychology. In 1972, Craik and Lockhart published a paper on levels of processing that suggested, &... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
On its simplest level, Jasmila Zbanic’s 2006 film Grbavica examines how the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s still shape life in post-conflict Sarajevo. The film’s protagonist, Esma, is struggling to cope with the aftermath of being a victim... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
Parkinson’s disease (PD), a progressive neurodegerative disorder most prevalent in the elderly and for which there is currently no cure, selectively targets nigrostriatal Dopaminergic (DAergic) projection neurons in the substantia nigra pars... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
The U.S. political system has become strangled by the misconceptions, dishonesty, and unfounded beliefs held and espoused by the opposing political parties. The truth is hard to come by, and even harder to recognize in the current political climate... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 01
Shakespeare was a man surrounded by controversy.  He, himself, has a biogRaphy filled with holes and question marks. Some have even held that the great English Bard could not have been one man.  Although the idea that Shakespeare was... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 01
If you happen to check in to the Grand Hyatt San Francisco on a windy day, you’ll receive a friendly note at the front desk advising you that the 35-story skyscRaper may creak a bit as it moves gently back and forth in the wind. Though the... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2009/2010 No. 1
As early as 1978 the Henley Center identified that household interactions were becoming increasingly ‘cellular’ rather than ‘nuclear’2; that is increasingly family interaction as a unit was becoming far less regular and more... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 12
A great deal is known about Nikola Tesla’s origins—namely, his country and people, to which and of whom he attributed so great a deal. The inventor recognized that he came from an extremely conflicted area in the Balkans, full of strife... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 12
“The genocide was a collective act. What made it possible, what made that final political crime possible was the absence, the erasure of seeing the other, of knowing, of feeling, of being with the other. And when that's removed, then politics... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 12
The autobiogRaphy Black Boy, by Richard Wright, is a tale of hope and determination. It catalogues Wright’s life growing up as an African-American in Jim Crow South, depicting the economic and social struggles that were stereotypical for African... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
Walter Benjamin (1892-1940), a key twentieth-century cultural theorist, has been influential in various fields, including art and literary criticism. He wrote “The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction” in 1935 to examine... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
The earliest form of cryptogRaphy was the simple writing of a message, as most people could not read (New World, 2007). In fact, the very word cryptogRaphy comes from the Greek words kryptos and gRaphein, which mean hidden and writing, respectively... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
In the autobiogRaphy, time and history, at first glance, seem paramount. After all, autobiogRaphy is the account of the things that have happened in a person’s life, selected and made ready for public consumption, usually written in the first... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 10
At the time of the incident, I was living … in the bush, hiding from the war. One day, I had gone to the fields to collect some food to eat. As I was cultivating, I heard someone screaming loudly and the next minute armed men appeared in... Read Article »

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