Eu  (tagged articles)

The keyword Eu is tagged in the following 88 articles.

2017, Vol. 9 No. 10
Chocolate is a foodstuff that many people in the modern world take for granted; the sweet treat can today be found plentifully and cheaply in practically any store all across the globe, especially in the Euro-American world. Despite its commonplace... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 06
Basque nationalism is a movement that has encompassed myth, mystery, violence, and compromise, all of which have found their justification from the unique language, Euskera. The source of Euskera is uncertain due to its non-Indo-European origin,... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 06
Similarly to many European countries, the Swedish population often perceive their history as an epoch of homogeneity: a time when every Swedish citizen was believed to have had the same ethnic phenotype, spoken the same language, believed in the... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 02
The human memory system comprises multiple components. The focus of this paper is on the encoding and decoding process of episodic memories. Events that catch the attention of individuals either consciously or sub-consciously are stored in a... Read Article »
2017, Vol. 9 No. 02
Pica is a condition that has been prevalent among humans for centuries. According to the DSM-V (2013) pica is classified as an eating disorder in which an individual consumes non-food substances at least once per month, at a developmental stage... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 12
Huntington’s disease is a progressive nEurodegenerative disorder that affects around five people in every 100,000. It is caused by an increase in a polyglutamine region of the Huntingtin protein, resulting in a toxic gain of function mutation... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 10
An orthodox opinion within nEurolinguistics is left hemispheric lateralization for language processing. The left hemisphere of the brain is dominant for processing language, logic, critical thinking and reasoning (Gootjes et al. 1999; Hickok, Love... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 2015/2016 No. 3
When Britain and France signed what became known as the ‘Entente Cordiale' in 1904, it brought into being an era of mutual cooperation between two neighbours whose past had often made them the best of enemies. The partnership served and survived... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 07
As Europe’s frontier with the Muslim East, Greece has been cast as backward, and not worthy of full sovereignty since the earliest years of its independence from the Ottoman empire. Greece's contradictory position as guardian of the origins... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 07
In this paper, I review the course of brain development during childhood and adolescence and examine how early adverse experiences affect structural changes in the nEural correlates of higher-order cognitive abilities. I also discuss the therapEutic... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 05
There have been plenty of greater revolutions in the history of the modern world, and certainly plenty of more successful ones. Yet there has been none which spread more rapidly and widely, running like a bushfire across frontiers, countries and... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 2015/2016 No. 2
In the last few years the Internet has borne witness to and facilitated a great deal of social and societal change. From Hilary Clinton's positive 2010 address; ‘Remarks on Internet Freedom', to the Tunisian and Egyptian revolutions that showcased... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 2016 No. 1
This paper explores both the positive and negative externalities associated with nitrogen and phosphate-based fertilizer use. Using 57 scholarly journal articles, government reports, manuscripts, and news articles; a comprehensive review was made... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 9 No. 1
A faceless speaker cries out in a crowded square. Around him is an uneven cacophony produced by an undefined group of people. Fires crackle, smoke soars, and skies blacken. These masses rush frantically toward a new world order beckoning lustfully... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
This paper investigates the relationship between various types of economic freedom and intra-EMU export growth. Export growth is the primary empirical puzzle that this paper seeks to explicate, and is important because the EMU's inception preceded... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 6 No. 2
Filmmaker Wes Anderson has developed a distinct aesthetic style that is easily recognizable through his use of striking color palettes. The purpose of this research was to draw conclusions about social stratification, social construction and the... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 10
On the first day of 2010, I got a phone call from the Georgian Public Broadcaster (GPB), the official organizers of Eurovision Song Contest’s Georgian chapter. The Eurovision Song Contest (ESC) is an annual event that attracts some 800 million... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 10
In Euripides’ Bacchae, careful examination of the character Dionysus illuminates discrepancies in action based on gender. Ultimately, Dionysus’ effeminate nature compounded with his subversive measures toward women and male proclivities... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 09
Dr. Timothy Quill made headlines in the fields of patient rights and Euthanasia when he published “Death and Dignity” in the New England Journal of Medicine (1991). In the articlce, Quill described his long-term patient, Diane, who had... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 07
This study looks at populist movements in Greece that formed in reaction to the failures of elite statist politicians. Beginning with the 2008 student uprisings in Athens, this narrative follows the escalation of social and political activism as... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 06
In his work The Idea of History, philosopher and historian Robin Collingwood outlines the development of historiography by leading his audience on a European cross-continental journey through time. He identifies the early modern period as a point... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 03
The defining characteristics of OdyssEus in classical literature are interpreted in wildly different ways by different authors: he is portrayed as a hero in Homer’s The Odyssey, a villain in Sophocles’ Philoctetes, a self-serving opportunist... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 02
What is “revolution”? Can the Maidan movement in Ukraine, which led to the ousting of Viktor Yanukovych in February 2014, be called a revolution? If so, what are the implications of calling the Maidan movement a revolution? While a &... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 11 No. 1
Published by Discussions
NEurofeedback Therapy (NFT) is a type of biofeedback therapy specifically targeting the brain and nervous system. According to the Mayo Clinic, biofeedback is defined as a technique one can use to learn to control the body’s functions, done... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 11
Human rights protection in Europe evolved significantly over the last century, culminating in the creation of the European Court of Human Rights. Unfortunately, the decisions made by the European Court of Human Rights are not binding and do not... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 8 No. 1
What are the prospects for European Union accession in Bosnia, a country with a legacy of ethnic conflict and malfunctioning democracy? How might the accession of Croatia to the European Union affect this process? This paper analyses the current... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 10
In July 2012, Spain's unemployment rate was above 20%, its stock market was at its lowest point in a decade, and the government was borrowing at a rate of 7.6%. With domestic demand depleted and no sign of recovery in sight, President Mariano Rajoy... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 4 No. 1
This article is a brief overview of The Lorax, by Dr. SEuss, the story of a repentant ex-industrialist who tells a tale of environmental degradation in the name of industrialism, progress, and profit, heedless of warnings from the Lorax—who... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 06
The First World War is largely thought of as a conflict where the majority of the significant operations took place almost exclusively on mainland Europe with the exception of a handful of naval clashes fought throughout the world's oceans. This... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 1 No. 1
A European single market for electricity is modeled to find the optimal portfolio of energy generation technologies in the presence of a carbon tax. The goal is to find the Pareto optimal carbon tax rate such that both carbon emissions and production... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 04
The European legal system has been considered as either an intergovernmental legal system or a supranational one. The intergovernmental order, on the one hand, emphasises that the European Court of Justice should consider the preferences of member... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 2013/2014 No. 1
Today political philosophy is generally conducted in the light of the perceived triumph of liberalism. That is, it typically proceeds from the assumption that it is unreasonable, if not irrational or pathological, to resist liberalism whether as... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 2013/2014 No. 1
The recent economic crisis roved to be immensely threatening to the economic equilibrium within the European Union (Eu). Beginning in the United States, it then proved its "domino effect" by covering the Eu, resulting in so-called 'financial stress... Read Article »
2007, Vol. 2 No. 1
Published by Discussions
The peripheral nervous system is made up of the nerves and nEurons that are outside of the central nervous system. These nerves and nEurons are used to transport information between the brain and the rest of the body, and when damaged, can severely... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 5 No. 2
Published by Discussions
Candida albicans (CA) is a dimorphic fungus that commonly colonizes the oral cavity. Overgrowth can result in an infection of the oral cavity, known as oral candidiasis (OPC). NEutrophils play a major role in nonspecific immune defense against fungal... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 7 No. 1
The current state of European strategic cooperation is optimistically described as "splintered" and pessimistically labeled as "nonexistent" by politicians and pundits alike. A potential retreat of the Eu to staunch intergovernmentalism frustrates... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 7 No. 1
In Greece's parliamentary elections of June 2012, a far-right neo-fascist party called Golden Dawn gained eighteen seats, making them the third most popular political party in parliament. An opinion poll published in October by KAPA Research Center... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 10
This article highlights the European Commission’s role within the European Union (Eu), which has been weakened over time. Through this essay various aspects of the Commission’s power in relation to the structure and procedures of comitology... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 09
The quest for economic supremacy has been at the heart of the European integration process since its very inception. Tracing the historical origins of the economic progress agenda, Europe’s ambition to bolster its economy vis-à-vis... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 08
Sitting at home reading one night, you come across the term “WikiLeaks.” Unaware of its meaning, you exhale forcefully, knowing what’s next. Donning a dark black hoodie, you walk out to the street and down to an abandoned alley... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 5 No. 06
Within a short span of time, immigration has become one of the major issues in the field of European politics and social discourse questioning the status quo of such conceptions as citizenship, nationhood and community cohesion. Migration within... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 2 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
In the 1960s because of a stagnant economy, the Federal Republic of Germany (hereinafter as West Germany) invited Turks to Germany to work as "guest workers" (Legge 2003, 142). They were to work there for two years and then return to their homeland... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 2 No. 1
Published by Clocks and Clouds
The subject of European legal integration entered the spotlight of interdisciplinary studies in the mid-1990s and has continued to maintain, if not increase, its prominence in scholarly literature (Mattli and Slaughter, 1998, 177-178). As Egan,... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 08
One of the numerous working definitions of religion includes "a belief in a divine or superhuman power or powers to be worshipped," and "an expression of such a belief in conduct and ritual" (Johnson, 2012 p. 1). Rituals are generally a religion... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 05
Is European Citizenship merely a mechanism for a deepening financial integration of the European Union? Or is there a deeper meaning and a deeper reasoning for the development of the concept of European Union Citizenship into an all-encompassing... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 05
A stroke is defined by the Stroke Association as a ‘brain attack’, where part of the brain is deprived of oxygen. It is also known as a ‘cerebrovascular accident’ (CVA). There are two types of strokes: ischaemic and haemorrhagic... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 03
In the waking moments of the twenty-first century, political science faces a burgeoning global movement, a crisis in some eyes, and a revolution in others. News and media hype over worldwide protests, from the Middle East, to Africa, to the United... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 01
Does candidacy to the European Union (Eu) increase a nation’s Trade Openness? A good way to begin examining this question is by asking, what is Trade Openness? Simply put, it is a nation’s imports plus its exports divided by its GDP ([... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 2011/2012 No. 2
This essay will analyse the on-going events in the Eurozone single currency area. It will look at the current sovereign debt crisis, most obviously manifested in Greece, Portugal and Ireland, and try to envisage how it will change the future course... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 2011/2012 No. 2
In spite of the above-described traditional sentiment that the European Union (Eu) was primarily an economic actor, with all other priorities seconded to that fact, trade policy has been inextricably linked with the Eu’s international presence... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 10
The observable tendency of a person to repeat the use of drugs, and continue use in spite of possible or real negative consequences, can be partially explained by examining several learning theories and learning with respect to nEurological associative... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 09
Of the European Union’s twenty-seven member states, no country is more sceptical of political and economic integration than Great Britain. The English are profoundly independent and inherently suspicious of their continental neighbours; an... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 2011/2012 No. 1
It was commonplace among academics of the 1970s to share an understanding of the frozen nature of international relations during the Cold War period, and to hold similar assumptions about the fixed character of the nation-state and the importance... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 2011/2012 No. 1
Among European states in the aftermath of the Second World War, multilateral cooperation was seen as a long term stabilisation for peace. The European Union (Eu), since its establishment in 1957 as the European Coal and Steel Community with six... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 2011/2012 No. 1
The Treaty of Lisbon1 has had effects on the workings of the European Union, and has significant implications both for how it functions through its provisions on governance and decision-making and on how the union develops. Lisbon has political... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 2011/2012 No. 1
To say the recent few years have not been the Eu’s brightest would certainly be an understatement. There is so much eclecticism, topic deviation and “Eurospeak” that one could forget what the Eu really stands for. Just the list... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 2011/2012 No. 1
The Economic Monetary Union (EMU) is the end point of an ambitious and historic stage of integrated market changes1 that not only challenge the structure and foundation of modern-day liberal capitalism, but also offer – where successful &ndash... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 2011/2012 No. 1
“In God We Trust” - the motto that inspired a nation built on the paradox ‘out of many, one’ could be construed as the wish for ‘divine goodness and order in the universe’.1 It entails the full recognition of... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 2011/2012 No. 1
The first decade of the twenty-first century was a period of change for Russia. The crisis of the 1990s was/were overcome and its international posture has improved. However, the scope and the stability of the shift are debatable and there is no... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 08
One of the fastest growing medical phenomena is that of human Euthanasia. No matter what the argument or the entity involved, the common question seems to be whether or not the act of human Euthanasia is an ethically acceptable practice. Frequently... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 04
This case study asks the following question: given the symbol of the European Union as the ultimate supranational, rights-based, compliance-inducing international organization, why have member states France and Italy escaped punishment for their... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 04
In the Broadview Press edition of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, editor and translator James Winny makes a concerted effort to render the original Middle English text in denotatively correct, non-alliterative modern English. In doing so, he fails... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 03
When investigating the effect of gaze direction on facial expressions of emotion, previous imaging research indicated that dynamic presentation of stimuli produced higher amygdala responses (Sato, Kochiyama, Uono, & Yoshikawa, 2010). A behavioral... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 2010/2011 No. 1
The European Union (Eu) is rarely seen as a powerful actor on the international relations stage. A statecentric, ‘high politics’ view of global politics tends to overlook the involvement of the Eu and its effectiveness, 2 and the dominance... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 11
The Phantom of the Opera was originally penned as a French serial by Gaston Leroux in 1909. It tells the story of a young man, Erik, who is born with a terrible deformity in his face. Erik is outcast by his parents, and eventually comes... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 4 No. 1
The initial 100 days of Viktor Yanukovych’s presidency appeared to be a complete departure from the Yushchenko presidency. While publicly reiterating his commitment to integration with the European Union and supporting transparency, freedom... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 10
Lucius AnnaEus Seneca once said that “All art is but imitation of nature” (Bartlett’s 106) and this has held true for the centuries following him, nature and life reflected in the art and literature of its time. Art shows life... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 10
The search for competitive advantage is an ongoing quest for companies in the United States. As new technologies continue to develop at a lightning fast rate, and efficiencies are gained in all areas of production, one relatively new endeavor is... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 10
The advent of digital computers and contemporary nEuroscience has fundamentally changed possible approaches to artificial intelligence (AI). Mankind’s perpetually evolving technological capacity inevitably leads to faster processors, more... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 09
In his article “Brain Bisection and the Unity of Consciousness,” Thomas Nagel suggests that the ordinary conception of a unified mind is misled. To support his claim, he turns to data concerning patients whose corpus callosum has been... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
The Musée du Quai Branly opened under the long shadow of the Eiffel Tower in 2006 to spectacular criticism. Initiated primarily at the behest of then-President Jacques Chirac (b. 1932, held office from 1995-2007), the musEum possesses an... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
Parkinson’s disease (PD), a progressive nEurodegerative disorder most prevalent in the elderly and for which there is currently no cure, selectively targets nigrostriatal Dopaminergic (DAergic) projection nEurons in the substantia nigra pars... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
Mitochondria are Eukaryotic, membrane-enclosed, 1-10um sized organelles, described as “cellular power plants” as they are responsible for the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and oxidative phosporylation. Signal transduction... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
The discovery of adult nEurogenesis (the endogenous production of new nEurons) in the mammalian brain more than 40 years ago (Malcolm R. Alison, 2002) has resulted in a wealth of knowledge of this branch of nEuroscience. Today we know that the continuous... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
“You have created a MusEum; carefully assemble here every masterpiece which the Republic [of France] already possesses…and the entire world will be eager to deposit its treasures, its singularities, its accomplishments; and the documents... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
On the eve of the 19th century, in 1781, French-American immigrant Hector St. Jean de CrevecoEur wrote a letter, the third in his famed Letters from an American Farmer, entitled “What Is An American?” His answer, as open for interpretation... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 01
Jean-Paul Marat, notorious for his inspiring yet aggressive publications during the French Revolution, was one of the most influential characters of the late 18th century. Indeed, his radical publications helped induce the violent manner of the... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 01
The French Revolution marks a stain in history, notorious for one of the bloodiest periods in modern civilization. Whether this infamous violence existed at the birth of the Revolution or only during the Terror has been the topic of debate between... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2009/2010 No. 1
“But you can’t grow,” answered the Fairy. “Why not?” “Because Marionettes never grow. They are born Marionettes, they live Marionettes, and they die Marionettes.” “Oh, I’m tired of always being... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 12
In her article “Visual Pleasure and the Narrative Cinema”, Laura Mulvey describes a way of analyzing and understanding cinema from a feminist and psychoanalytic perspective. A very similar approach is taken by Molly Haskell in her review... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
Even in fairy tales and fantastical legends, the trespassing of the breathing upon the domain of the spirits is rare. It is a disturbing idea; when the dead visit our world, we can at least find comfort in numbers. Yet the hero OdyssEus braves the... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 10
Hisaye Yamamoto’s double-telling stories, according to King-kok ChEung, convey “two tales in the guise of one,” one woven from the explicit words of the narrator, the other from the softened and sometimes pointedly silent characters... Read Article »
2008, Vol. 1 No. 2
In the past weeks, print media and blogs are buzzing with renewed speculation about a possible replacement of the Dollar as the dominant global currency by the Euro. This intensification of the debate was sparked by the rise of the Euro above $1... Read Article »
2007, Vol. 1 No. 1
Fifteen years ago, the collapse of the bipolar world overwhelmed the installed world order. The USA became the only superpower standing and leading the world organization. They have now to deal with emerging countries such as China and India. On... Read Article »
2007, Vol. 1 No. 1
In Washington as in Peking, in Beirut as in Bamako, the question is asked of us: what is the European Union’s (Eu) foreign policy? In Lisbon on October 18th, the 27 member states agreed to a first response on means and tools. With the creation... Read Article »
1999, Vol. 1998/1999 No. 1
By
When Great Britain joined the European Union in 1973 (then referred to as the European Community) many expected the British common Law system to clash with the European Law system, which is mainly based on its continental predecessors, in particular... Read Article »
1997, Vol. 1996/1997 No. 1
It is a paradox of modern day politics that an issue of such immense constitutional and practical significance to the future of Britain as that of further European integration, which excites such great activity amongst politicians, should be... Read Article »
1997, Vol. 1996/1997 No. 1
The aim of this article is to assess the role of the Organisation of Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) in the post-Cold War era. The paper will firstly give a brief outline of the development of the Conference on Security and Co-operation... Read Article »

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