Stem  (tagged articles)

The keyword Stem is tagged in the following 43 articles.

2017, Vol. 7 No. 2
Published by Clocks and Clouds
The relationship between party syStem fragmentation and voter turnout is not entirely understood in contemporary political science literature. It is often assumed that party syStem fragmentation is a primary driver of proportional representation... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 11
J. D. Salinger is a household name in America, but relatively few people know of his Glass family characters. Seven impossibly bright and witty adult siblings and their parents populate his later work, from their first appearance in the short story... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 2016 No. 2
Dams have been used for centuries to assist with the development of human civilization. Access to drinking water, flood control and agricultural irrigation are historical reasons for the development of dams and river impoundments. The abundance... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 10
In the earliest stages of education, children naturally start to interrogate their elders with the question “why?” This is not surprising and it would often even be concerning if a child did not show signs of curiosity early in life.... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 10
This article explores the nature of Canada’s political syStem as an evolving consequence of its roots in classical liberal thinking coupled with the self-protecting instincts of a variety of elite interest groups. In performing this exploration... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 10
Hong Kong is standing at a crucial social and political juncture in its history. A former British colony, it has retained its unique legal syStem, electoral syStem, and political democracy. These syStems have worked together to create a society... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 06
Despite being often overlooked within the discipline of International Relations (Lee, 2004: 29; Bambra et al., 2005: 187), the governance of health has become central to international politics. As recent spatial, temporal and cognitive transformations... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 12 No. 2
Published by Discussions
This comparative analysis of U.S. and U.K. healthcare syStems pinpoints inequalities in health outcomes and recommends policies to alleviate disparities. Mortality data from the CDC'S WONDER Database and Cancer Research U.K. were used to analyze... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 1 No. 1
Whereas the standard economics textbook literature motivates the emergence of money by pointing to the inefficiencies of barter economies, there is virtually no historical evidence that this is how money actually came about. Due to the lack of evidence... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 03
Nontraditional students represent a substantial proportion of those enrolled in higher education institutions. The purpose of this literature review is to identify (1) distinctions between traditional and nontraditional students and (2) factors... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 02
This study was designed to explore current issues of access, interests and attitudes towards technology use in Stem related courses for a population of middle school students enrolled at a Title I urban school in the South. The participants in the... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 02
Within the works of Spinoza, as well as those of Descartes, issues concerning the nature of free-will come to the fore. With this essay, I will first explain Spinoza’s and Descartes’s notions regarding freedom of the will, its existence... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 8 No. 02
Building a framework to understand a complex syStem, such as American Higher Education, requires a focused approach. The richness of history behind colleges and universities in the United States can lead analysts in any number of directions. From... Read Article »
2016, Vol. 2016 No. 1
This paper provides a holistic overview of the effects of engineered and natural nanomaterials (ENMs and NNMs) in the environment. Through increasing production and technology, NMs are contaminating the air, soil, and water with large toxicological... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 10
Using data collected through field research at Tyler State Park in Pennsylvania, this study examines the characteristics of Woodchuck (Marmota monax) burrows along a creek tributary. This study finds that there is a robust positive correlation between... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 03
Before the ethnographer can enter the field of research, indeed, before the researcher can interpret data from the field, he or she must first be aware of how knowledge and meaning are made. The epiStemological lens the ethnographer uses will have... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 7 No. 02
Rising rates of chronic diseases, aging populations, and mounting medical costs threaten the financial solvency of the health care syStems of the United States and Costa Rica. Despite ranking 1st in health expenditures, the United States achieves... Read Article »
2015, Vol. 11 No. 1
Published by Discussions
Neurofeedback Therapy (NFT) is a type of biofeedback therapy specifically targeting the brain and nervous syStem. According to the Mayo Clinic, biofeedback is defined as a technique one can use to learn to control the body’s functions, done... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 11
Phantom-limb pain (PLP) is a frequent consequence of amputation which has been reported to affect up to 80% of patients who have suffered an extremity loss (Flor 2002: 182; Nikolajsen and Jensen 2001: 107). Cases of phantom-limb pain have also been... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 08
We often acquire knowledge about the world through the detailed process of description. We understand even more by describing and explaining to others—people often report that they only really understand a topic once they have described it... Read Article »
2014, Vol. 6 No. 04
The European legal syStem has been considered as either an intergovernmental legal syStem or a supranational one. The intergovernmental order, on the one hand, emphasises that the European Court of Justice should consider the preferences of member... Read Article »
2007, Vol. 2 No. 1
Published by Discussions
The peripheral nervous syStem is made up of the nerves and neurons that are outside of the central nervous syStem. These nerves and neurons are used to transport information between the brain and the rest of the body, and when damaged, can severely... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 5 No. 2
Published by Discussions
The deer browsing effects on the regeneration of woody plants in forested ecosyStems is not fully understood. More can be learned by clipping plants in specific ways to mimic some aspect of a deer browsing regimen, especially intensity. Additionally... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 8 No. 2
Published by Discussions
The current study discusses social support syStems and the ways in which they impact persons diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study analyzes three different variables (race/ethnicity, gender, and trauma type) in a group... Read Article »
2013, Vol. 4 No. 1
This is a case study looking at how the legal syStem is portrayed on prime time network television crime dramas in respect to suspect treatment, the case building process and trial length. Through content analysis, it compared the exaggerations... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 10
As humans, we are compelled to ask the questions, why do we exist? How do we exist? Even, how can I know that I am using this existence in the correct way and with the right intentions? Even the earliest of the ancient philosophers pondered these... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 09
The United States’ education syStem is unprepared to discuss Islam, despite the pertinence of religious education in the modern world. With the events of September 11, 2001, the words “Muslim” and “Islam” have become... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 06
Supposing that there is in fact a concrete relationship between perceptual fluency and the processing and sensory syStems by which we process speech, human beings could single-handedly alter the way in which everyone from elementary school children... Read Article »
2012, Vol. 4 No. 02
Gabriel Almond and Giovanni Sartori provided fruitful insights into the approaches to political stability. Almond focused on socio-anthropological aspects of societal relations and argued that fragmentation of political cultures – a set of... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 12
The political history of the Middle East is a complex story wrought with instability, conflict, religious and ethnic cleavages, and artificial imperial and colonial borders. These challenges manifest themselves in varied political syStems, norms... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 10
This study considers the remote causes of examination malpractice in the Nigerian education syStem with a view to suggest new ways of combating the problem. Three research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Using the multistage stratified... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 08
One of the fastest growing medical phenomena is that of human euthanasia. No matter what the argument or the entity involved, the common question seems to be whether or not the act of human euthanasia is an ethically acceptable practice. Frequently... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 05
Borrowing heavily from the Chinese, Japan abandoned their own numerals many years ago and used the ones from China. When written and spoken, numbers are broken down into their key components, multiples of powers of ten. The Japanese combine the... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 3 No. 04
Renewable energy sources, which are expected to be a promising alternative energy source, can bring new challenges when connected to the power grid. However, the generated power from renewable energy source is always fluctuating due to environmental... Read Article »
2011, Vol. 2010/2011 No. 1
The urgency of concern over the earth’s biodiversity has increased over the last couple of decades. This has resulted in the formation of the Convention of Biodiversity which declared in 2002 that it would have achieved a ‘significant... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
The question of the legalization of drugs has emerged sporadically throughout the past few decades of national and international politics, resulting in a plethora of opposing viewpoints. The heated debate has consumed the American public, and as... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
Parkinson’s disease (PD), a progressive neurodegerative disorder most prevalent in the elderly and for which there is currently no cure, selectively targets nigrostriatal Dopaminergic (DAergic) projection neurons in the substantia nigra pars... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 03
The discovery of adult neurogenesis (the endogenous production of new neurons) in the mammalian brain more than 40 years ago (Malcolm R. Alison, 2002) has resulted in a wealth of knowledge of this branch of neuroscience. Today we know that the continuous... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 02
“I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.” Whether black, white, red or yellow, all of these students... Read Article »
2010, Vol. 2 No. 01
When the United States purchased Alaska from the Russian Empire in 1867, it did not simply grow by 663,000 square miles; it also accepted responsibility for the people living within its new borders. But America has not fulfilled its responsibilities... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 1 No. 11
With the explosion of the use of the Internet for nearly all forms of negotiable instrument exchange, the constant transmission of time sensitive and vital corporate communications, and the ubiquitous presence of malicious software writers, verifying... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 3 No. 1
Few would disagree that the most significant development at the G-20 meeting in Pittsburgh during September 24-25, 2009 was the formal acknowledgement of the changing of the guards. In the draft communiqué, President Barack Obama declared... Read Article »
2009, Vol. 2 No. 2
A number of reports have established a diagnosis of the financial crisis. The first was produced by the Financial Stability Forum, in April 2008 and was the basis for the preparation of the first G 20 meetings in 2008. The International Monetary... Read Article »

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